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Yamana Gold Reports Strong Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2020 Results; Impressive Technical Study Results Delivered for the Odyssey Underground Project at Canadian Malartic With Construction Decision Approved; Adopts Climate Change Strategy

02/11/2021

TORONTO, Feb. 11, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- YAMANA GOLD INC. (TSX:YRI; NYSE:AUY; LSE:AUY) (“Yamana” or “the Company”) is herein reporting its financial and operational results for the fourth quarter and full year 2020, providing three-year mine-by-mine guidance, and updating mineral reserve and mineral resource estimates as at December 31, 2020.

The Company is also announcing a positive construction decision for the Odyssey underground project at the Canadian Malartic mine following the impressive results of the technical study, which outlines robust economics, a significant increase in mineral resources, and a mine life extension to at least 2039.

Further, as a continuation of Yamana’s climate change actions, the Company today is also announcing that it has formally adopted a climate strategy, approved by the Board of Directors, to demonstrate the Company’s commitment to the transition to a low-carbon future. The strategy is underpinned by adoption of two targets: a 2° C science-based target (“SBT”) and an aspirational net-zero 2050 target.

FOURTH QUARTER AND FULL YEAR HIGHLIGHTS

Financial Results - Strong Earnings and Cash Flows Further Strengthening Cash Balances and Balance Sheet

  • Fourth quarter net earnings were $103.0 million or $0.11 per share basic and diluted compared to net earnings of $14.6 million or $0.02 per share basic and diluted a year earlier.
  • Adjusted net earnings(2) were $107.7 million or $0.11 per share basic and diluted.
  • Fourth quarter cash flows from operating activities were $181.5 million and net free cash flow(2) was $118.9 million, exceeding the averages of the preceding three quarters by 25% and 6%, respectively.
  • Fourth quarter cash flows from operating activities before net change in working capital were $207.4 million, and free cash flow before dividends and debt repayments(2) was $61.7 million.
  • Net debt(2) decreased by an additional $53.4 million in the fourth quarter as a result of increased cash balances largely due the significant increase in free cash flow.
  • For the full year, net debt(2) fell by $323.4 million to $565.7 million. The Company has achieved its financial management objective of a leverage ratio of net debt to EBITDA(2) of below 1.0x when assuming a bottom-of-cycle gold price of $1,350 per ounce, underscoring the Company's significant financial flexibility.
  • As expected and planned, capital expenditures during the fourth quarter were higher than the third quarter as the result of timing delays caused by COVID-19, and interest was paid, as interest payments are customarily made in the second and fourth quarters. Further, a working capital outflow occurred due to the timing delays of collection of recoverable indirect tax credits, payments associated with prepaid expenditures and advances, and an inventory buildup due to production exceeding sales that will normalize in 2021.
  • During the fourth quarter, the Company announced a further 50% increase to its annual dividend to $0.105 per share, driven by strong free cash flow generation.

(See end notes near end of release.)

 

  Three months ended December 31
(In millions of United States Dollars) 2020  2019 
Net Free Cash Flow (2) $ 118.9   $ 123.2  
Free Cash Flow before Dividends and Debt Repayments (2) $ 61.7   $ 73.3  
Decrease in Net Debt (2) $ 53.4   $ 59.8  

Fourth Quarter Operational Results

  • Fourth quarter Gold Equivalent Ounce ("GEO")(1) production was 255,361 GEO(1) including gold and silver production of 221,659 ounces and 2.59 million ounces, respectively. The strong gold production followed standout performances from Jacobina and Minera Florida, and silver production was underpinned by an exceptionally strong performance from El Peñón.
  • Full year GEO(1) production of 901,155 GEO(1), including 779,810 ounces of gold and 10.37 million ounces of silver, exceeded original guidance for the year of 890,000 GEO, and was within the plus or minus three per cent variance range of the Company's revised guidance. GEO(1) production for the year at Jacobina, El Peñón, Canadian Malartic, and Minera Florida were all well above plan. The entire difference was attributable to further changes to COVID-19 restrictions imposed in Argentina near the end of the year which impacted production at Cerro Moro.

Costs Offset by Margin Generated from Barnat Pre-Commercial Production

  • Cash costs(2) for the quarter and full year were $675 and $701 per GEO(1), respectively, and all-in sustaining costs ("AISC")(2) for the quarter and full year were $1,076 and $1,080 per GEO(1), respectively.
  • Full year cash costs(2) and AISC(2) were modestly higher than previously forecast, mostly impacted by lower production at Cerro Moro resulting from the re-imposition of national safety measures in Argentina in December. The Company had also anticipated that more production from Barnat at Canadian Malartic would be classified as commercial production, and as costs for such production were expected to be lower than the Company's average, overall costs would have been positively impacted. With more pre-commercial production from Barnat, costs were not positively impacted, but the margin generated from Barnat’s pre-commercial production was treated as a reduction to expansionary capital. This significant cash flow benefit resulted in the reduction of expansionary capital for the year by a further $14 million compared with plan. The net results of the modestly higher costs and lower expansionary capital was neutral, and consequently had little impact to overall generation of cash flows for the year.

Increased Gold Mineral Reserves and Mineral Resources

  • Replaced mineral reserve depletion on a consolidated basis at operating mines.
  • Significant increase in mineral resources:
    • Notable increase in East Gouldie at Canadian Malartic of 1.84 million ounces (at 50%) of inferred mineral resources.
    • Further, through the acquisition of the Wasamac project the Company has been able to increase its mineral inventory at a very advantageous purchase price.
    • Lastly, inventory from the MARA project, which has generally been shown outside of the Company's subtotals has been added to inventory in the current year, given its advanced stage in the development process and the completion of the integration of the Agua Rica project and Minera Alumbrera plant and infrastructure.

MARA Project Integration

  • On December 17, 2020, the Company completed the integration of the Agua Rica project with the Minera Alumbrera plant and infrastructure. Going forward, the integrated project will be known as the MARA project.
  • Under the agreement, Yamana, as the sole owner of Agua Rica, and the partners of Alumbrera have created a new Joint Venture pursuant to which Yamana holds a controlling ownership interest in the MARA Project at 56.25%. Glencore holds a 25.00% interest and Newmont holds an 18.75% interest. Yamana will be the operator of the Joint Venture and will continue to lead the engagement with local, provincial, and national stakeholders, and completion of the Feasibility Study and Environmental Impact Assessment for the project.
  • The integration creates significant synergies by combining existing substantive infrastructure that was formerly used to process ore from the Alumbrera mine during its mine life, including processing facilities; a fully permitted tailings storage facility; pipeline; logistical installations; ancillary buildings, and other infrastructure, with the future open pit Agua Rica mine.

Acquisition of Wasamac Property and Camflo Property and Mill (Acquisition of Monarch Gold)

  • During the quarter, the Company announced the acquisition of the Wasamac property and the Camflo property and mill through the acquisition of all of the outstanding shares of Monarch Gold not owned by Yamana. The Company completed the acquisition on January 21, 2021.
  • The Wasamac project, which has existing proven and probable mineral reserves of 1.8 million ounces of gold at 2.56 grams per tonne and excellent potential for future exploration success, further solidifies the Company’s long-term growth profile with a top-tier gold project in Quebec’s Abitibi region, where the Company has deep operational and technical experience and expertise.

Other Financial Updates: Impairment and Reversal of Impairment

  • During the fourth quarter, the Company had a positive non-cash impact related to a net impairment of $191 million on a pre-tax basis, or approximately $37.6 million after-tax. The Company believes that its overall net asset value is also further enhanced by the acquisition of the Wasamac project and by the MARA project.
  • After indicators of impairment reversal were noted at the El Peñón mine in Chile, the Company observed an increase in the recoverable amount of the unit, which resulted in a reversal of impairment of $560.0 million pre-tax, or $386.3 million after tax. This reversal was partially offset by a calculated pre-tax impairment of $369.0 million, or $348.7 million after tax, in respect of Cerro Moro, at which indicators of impairment were identified. For additional details, please refer to 'Section 3: Review of Financial Results' in the Company's Management Discussion & Analysis for the year ended December 31, 2020, available at www.yamana.com and on SEDAR.

CLIMATE CHANGE ACTION

As a continuation of Yamana’s climate change actions, the Company has formally adopted a climate strategy, approved by the Board of Directors, to demonstrate the Company’s commitment to the transition to a low-carbon future. The strategy is underpinned by adoption of two targets: a 2° C SBT and an aspirational net-zero 2050 target. The targets are supported by foundational work to be performed in 2021 to establish a multi-disciplinary Climate Working Group, determine our emissions baseline, develop the Greenhouse Gas (“GHG”) abatement pathways required to achieve the 2° C SBT and establish preliminary, operations-specific roadmaps that describe abatement projects, estimated costs and schedules. These actions will help ensure that our long-range GHG reduction efforts are supported by practical and operationally focused short, medium and long-term actions to achieve the targets.

Summary of Certain Non-Cash and Other Items Included in Net Earnings

(In millions of United States Dollars, except per share amounts,
totals may not add due to rounding)

Three Months Ended
December 31
Year Ended
December 31,
2020  2019  2020  2019 
Non-cash unrealized foreign exchange losses $ 21.9     $ 0.6     $ 21.6     $ 29.0    
Share-based payments/mark-to-market of deferred share units 3.4     3.2     31.5     15.0    
Mark-to-market (gains) losses on derivative contracts,
investments and other assets
(5.8 )   (0.9 )   (6.9 )   0.1    
Gain on sale of subsidiaries, investments and other assets (3.0 )       (1.4 )   (284.6 )  
Gain on discontinuation of the equity method of accounting         (21.3 )      
Temporary suspension and standby costs 2.2         18.4        
Other incremental COVID-19 costs 7.0         22.1        
Share of one-off provision recorded against deferred
income tax assets of associate
            13.0    
Net reversal of impairment of mining properties (191.0 )       (191.0 )      
Financing costs paid on early note redemption             35.0    
Other provisions, write-downs and adjustments 6.7     7.5     17.9     42.0    
Non-cash tax on unrealized foreign exchange losses 1.8     (3.9 )   52.8     17.9    
Income tax effect of adjustments (2.4 )   (0.2 )   (19.7 )   (0.5 )  
One-time tax adjustments 163.9     5.8     183.6     26.9    
Total adjustments (i) $ 4.7     $ 12.1     $ 107.6     $ (106.2 )  
Total adjustments - increase (decrease) to earnings
per share attributable to Yamana equity holders
$     $ 0.01     $ 0.11     $ (0.11 )  

(i)  For the three months ended December 31, 2020, net earnings attributable to Yamana equity holders would be adjusted by an increase of $4.7 million (2019 - increase of $12.1 million). For the year ended December 31, 2020, net earnings attributable to Yamana equity holders would be adjusted by an increase of $107.6 million (2019 - decrease of $106.2 million).


IMPRESSIVE TECHNICAL STUDY RESULTS FOR THE ODYSSEY UNDERGROUND PROJECT AT CANADIAN MALARTIC DRIVES APPROVAL OF CONSTRUCTION DECISION

Yamana and Agnico Eagle Mines Ltd., who each hold a 50% interest in the Canadian Malartic General Partnership, owner and operator of the Canadian Malartic mine, have approved construction of the Odyssey underground project. The decision reflects positive technical study results and confirms the Odyssey project as the next phase in the evolution of mining at Canadian Malartic, which has served as an economic beacon in Quebec’s Abitibi District for generations and will continue to do so for decades to come. An NI 43-101 technical report for the Canadian Malartic operation is expected to be filed in March 2021 and will include a summary of the Odyssey underground project.

The construction decision is a milestone in the ongoing evolution of the Canadian Malartic operation and is the culmination of several years of exploration, mineral resource development, and technical evaluation. It marks the transition point of the Odyssey underground project from the project definition phase to the construction and ramp-up phase, which will extend to 2028. From 2029 to 2039, the underground operation will be in full production, producing an expected 500,000 to 600,000 ounces per year. This represents an increase over the Company's initial estimate for an annual production platform of approximately 450,000 ounces. Further extension of the mine life beyond 2039 provides additional upside, with several opportunities under evaluation.

Odyssey Project Production Profile (100% basis)

A chart accompanying this announcement is available at https://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/861adaad-1fb4-422b-888c-714ccda69ba4

About the Odyssey Project

Canadian Malartic has been a prolific mining operation for decades. Since 2011, it has been an open pit mine, but it has also been a successful underground operation in previous iterations. One of the strategic rationales behind Yamana's decision to jointly acquire Canadian Malartic from Osisko Mining in 2014 was the potential to significantly extend mine life by transitioning the operation to a future underground mine. Initial underground exploration drilling generated promising results, with the discovery of the East Gouldie zone in 2018 confirming the strong potential for a multi-hundred thousand ounce annual production operation with a decades-long mine life. As of year-end 2020, underground mineral resources have grown to approximately 14.4 million ounces of gold (100% basis) in just six years, including an increase of 4 million ounces from year-end 2019.

The Odyssey project hosts three main underground-mineralized zones, which are East Gouldie, East Malartic, and Odyssey, the latter of which is sub-divided into the Odyssey North, Odyssey South and Odyssey Internal zones. For the purpose of the technical study, mineable stope shapes were generated using a gold price of $1,250 per ounce, consistent with the price used for estimating Canadian Malartic open pit mineral reserves. Mineral resources at East Malartic below 600 metres from surface are not currently included in the technical study. A breakdown of the mineral resources used in the technical study, after dilution and mining recovery, is presented in the table below. Further details on the mineral resources are set out in the mineral reserve and mineral resource section of this news release.

Mineral Resources Included in Odyssey Project Technical Study as of December 31, 2020

Zone

Indicated Mineral Resources Inferred Mineral Resources
Tonnes
(millions)
Grade
(g/t Au)
Contained oz.
(millions)
Tonnes
(millions)
Grade
(g/t Au)
Contained oz.
(millions)
East Gouldie       51.95   3.14   5.24  
East Malartic 4.59   2.13   0.31   7.84   2.15   0.56  
Odyssey 1.52   1.89   0.10   15.19   2.11   1.08  
Total 6.18   2.00   0.41   75.90   2.82   6.88  

The shallow mineralized zones located above 600 metres below surface will be mined using a ramp from surface. The deeper mineralized zones below 600 metres from surface will be mined with a production shaft.

In December 2020, ramp development was started on the Odyssey project in order to facilitate underground conversion drilling in 2021 and provide access to the Odyssey and East Malartic deposits. At year-end 2020, the ramp had progressed 102 metres, and an additional 2,850 metres of development is planned in 2021, of which 1,500 metres is in the ramp.

The conceptual mine design in the technical study includes a 1.8-kilometre deep production-services shaft equipped with a Blair hoist for production, a single drum hoist for services, and an auxiliary cage. The hoisting capacity is expected to be approximately 20,000 tpd. The project will also benefit from the existing infrastructure on site such as the tailing storage facilities, the process plant, and the maintenance facilities.

The preliminary mining concept is based on a sublevel open stoping mining method with paste backfill. Longitudinal retreat and transverse primary-secondary mining methods will also be used dependent on mineralization geometry and stope design criteria.

The Odyssey project is expected to be one of the most modernized electric underground mines. All major mobile production equipment (such as trucks, scoop trams, jumbos, bolters, and longhole drill rigs will be electric powered), greatly reducing carbon footprint. On the two main levels with loading pockets, trucks and hammers would be remotely operated 24 hours a day, 7 days a week from a surface control room, greatly increasing equipment utilization.

Production via the ramp is expected to begin at Odyssey South in late 2023, increasing to up to 3,500 tpd in 2024. Collaring of the shaft and installation of the headframe is expected to commence in the second quarter of 2021, with shaft sinking activities expected to begin in late 2022. The shaft will have an estimated depth of 1,800 metres and the first loading station should be commissioned in 2027 with modest production from East Gouldie. The East Malartic shallow area and Odyssey North zones are scheduled to enter production in 2029 and 2030, respectively.

The project is expected to mine 19,000 tpd from the underground from four different mining zones:

  • East Gouldie – 12,500 tpd
    • Stope production starts in 2027;
    • Three-year ramp up (2027-2029);
    • Full stope production in 2030 to 2038.
  • Odyssey North – 3,500 tpd
    • Stope production starts in 2030;
    • Full stope production in 2031-2038.

  • Odyssey South and East Malartic – 3,500 and 3,200 tpd, respectively

    • Odyssey South stope production starts in 2023;
    • Odyssey South full stope production in 2024 to 2027 (3,500 tpd);
    • East Malartic stope production starts in 2028;
    • East Malartic full stope production in 2030 to 2039 (3,200 tpd).

Run-of–mine ore from the open pit will start to decrease in 2023, as the ore production from the underground starts at a rate of 3,000 tpd. The underground should reach full production of about 19,000 tpd by 2031.

Robust Project Economics

Initial expansionary capital of $1.14 billion is expected to be spent over a period of eight years (100% basis), with capital requirements in any given year manageable and fully funded using the Company's cash on hand and free cash flow generation. Additionally, other growth capital expenditures and modest sustainable capital during the construction period total $191.4 million. Gold production during the 2021 to 2028 construction period is expected at 932,000 ounces (on a 100% basis) at cash costs of $800 per ounce. The net proceeds from the sale of these ounces would significantly reduce the external cash requirements for the construction of the project which, assuming the gold price used in the financial analysis for the project, would reduce the projected capital requirements in half.

Average annual payable production is expected to be approximately 545,400 ounces (100% basis) from 2029 to 2039, with total cash costs per ounce of approximately $630 per ounce. Sustaining capital is expected to gradually decline from 2029 to 2039, with an expected average of approximately $55.8 million per year.

The production profile is based on a ramp-up period of six years (2023-2028) followed by 11 years of full production (2029-2039), for a total of 82.1 million tonnes of underground ore processed (100% basis) at an average gold grade of 2.76 g/t, representing approximately 50% of the contained mineral resource gold ounces. On this basis, the after-tax net present value (“NPV”) (at a 5% discount rate) and after-tax internal rate of return (“IRR”) of the Odyssey project are shown at various gold price assumptions in the table below. The cut-off grade used to estimate the mineable inventory is based on a gold price of $1,250 per ounce, while the financial model uses a base case gold price assumption of $1,550 per ounce. Costs are estimated using a Canadian to U.S. dollar foreign exchange rate assumption of 1.30.

Odyssey Project Technical Study Sensitives to Gold Price (100% Basis)

Gold Price (USD/oz) $1,085   $1,250   $1,395   $1,550   $1,705   $1,860   $2,015  
NPV 5% (USD millions, after-tax) $82   $481   $801   $1,143   $1,494   $1,853   $2,212  
IRR (%, after-tax) 6%   11%   14%   17.5%   20%   23%   26%  

These results demonstrate the expected returns of the Odyssey project after the first decade at full production, highlighting Odyssey as a robust project with significant leverage to higher gold prices and thus supporting the approval for project construction. The results are not intended to reflect the full value of the Odyssey project and extension of mine life beyond 2039 represents significant further upside.

Given the strong underground mining experience of the partners and the experience gained from operating the Canadian Malartic mine since 2014, there is a high degree of confidence in many of the cost assumptions used for the project. While the technical study is considered at a preliminary economic assessment level, the partnership believes that estimates for such things as underground development and mining costs, processing costs, and equipment procurement are more advanced than what would typically be estimated in a preliminary economic assessment level study for a project of this scope. The capital allocation and classification of costs will continue to be refined as the project advances. A preliminary economic assessment is preliminary in nature and includes inferred mineral resources that are considered too speculative geologically to have the economic considerations applied to them that would enable them to be categorized as mineral reserves and, therefore, there is no certainty that the preliminary economic assessment will be realized.

The East Gouldie mineralization is the largest and most profitable deposit due to higher grade and tonnage with more than 70% of the total ounces produced. Exploration drilling at East Gouldie in 2020 totalled 97,000 metres (100% basis), including 25,600 metres in the fourth quarter with multiple mother holes and wedge cuts that resulted in 25 new pierce points in the zone, plus several more in the Odyssey related zones. The intensive drilling program in 2020 has allowed the partnership to increase the inferred mineral resource of the East Gouldie zone by 134% to 6.4 million ounces of gold (100% basis), compared to the initial inferred mineral resource declared at year-end 2019, with an average grade of 3.17 g/t.

The focus of the ongoing diamond drilling campaign from surface is to further define high quality mineral resources by the beginning of 2023 with a drill hole spacing of 75 metres. Improving the geological confidence of the mineral resources is expected to further de-risk future production. With further exploration the Company believes that additional mineralization will come into the mine plan in the coming years.

Odyssey Project Summary
(All numbers are approximate and on a 100% basis)
Estimated Total Production 6,932   thousands of gold ounces
     
Average metallurgical recovery  ~95.2%   gold
     
Average Annual gold production 
2023 46,600 oz   (825 k. tonnes, 1.84g/t gold)
2024 to 2026 (average per year) 81,500 oz   (1,344 k. tonnes, 1.98g/t gold)
2027 256,200 oz   (2,810 k. tonnes, 2.98g/t gold)
2028 384,600 oz   (3,333 k. tonnes, 3.79g/t gold)
2029 to 2039 (average per year) 545,400 oz   (6,463 k. tonnes, 2.76g/t gold)
Minesite costs per tonne
2023 $93.0   C$/t
2024 to 2026 (average per year) $77.0   C$/t
2027 $79.0   C$/t
2028 $79.0   C$/t
2029 to 2039 (average per year) $61.0   C$/t
Average total cash costs on a by-product basis (including royalty and refining costs)
2023 to 2028 800   US$/oz
2029 to 2039 630   US$/oz
Royalty 5.5%   NSR
Mine life 17   years
Capital Expenditures
Initial capital Expenditures $1,143.7   million US$ (2021 to 2028)
Gold production 932.0   thousand ounces (2021 to 2028)
Sustaining CAPEX $55.8   million US$ (2029 - 2039 average per year)
Breakdown of Capital Expenditures by year
2021 $113.8   million US$
2022 $204.0   million US$
2023 $136.8   million US$
2024 to 2026 (average per year) $163.8   million US$
2027 $209.0   million US$
2028 $180.3   million US$

 

Breakdown of Capital Expenditures by category
Shaft & Surface $478.4   million US$
Mining Equipment $162.7   million US$
U/G Development & Construction $502.6   million US$
Subtotal of Initial Capital Expenditures $ 1,143.7   million US$
Other Growth Capital Expenditures $191.4   million US$
       
Reclamation Costs $3.9   million US$ for Odyssey Project only

The aforementioned costs do not include any offsetting net proceeds from pre-commercial production. Historically, any net proceeds from pre-commercial production were deducted from development capital expenditures; however, due to amendments to the relevant accounting standard that become effective from 2022, this treatment will not be permitted when accounting for the Odyssey project. Specifically, in May 2020, the International Accounting Standards Board ("IASB") issued Property, Plant and Equipment: Proceeds before Intended Use (Amendments to IAS 16), which prohibits entities from deducting amounts received from selling items produced from the cost of property, plant and equipment while the Company is preparing the asset for its intended use. Instead, sales proceeds and the cost of producing these items will be recognized in the consolidated statements of operations.

Permits for Odyssey North and South were granted in 2020 to allow the first phase of the project to begin. At this time, the Certificate of Authorization (“CofA”) for the shaft has not yet been obtained and the CofA for the waste rock management needs to be modified.

A request for a decree amendment, including permits to develop the East Gouldie and East Malartic zones will be sent to the Quebec Ministry of Environment and the Fight Against Climate Change in the first quarter of 2021. If there are no serious hurdles, the project could obtain the necessary approvals from provincial regulators in approximately 12 months. The project team has received a letter confirming that mining the additional zones at the project does not trigger any additional Federal permitting requirements.

Facilitating the Transition from Open Pit Mining

Currently, in the open pit, mining is transitioning from the Canadian Malartic pit to the Barnat pit, which is now in commercial production. Seventy percent of the total tonnes mined in 2021 are expected to come from Barnat. The Canadian Malartic pit will be depleted in the first half of 2023 and waste rock and tailings will be deposited into the pit beginning in 2023.

The operation will progressively shift from open pit to underground mining between 2023 to 2028. To help facilitate this transition, the Company optimized the design of the Barnat pit, adding 290,000 ounces to mineral reserves (100% basis), which will help fill the production gap between 2026 and 2029 as the operation completes the transition to underground mining.

The Partnership is evaluating an additional opportunity to increase production during the transition period by processing low-grade stockpile that is not currently included in mineral reserves. This stockpile is economic at current gold prices and would add an extra 170,000 ounces to planned production on a 100% basis.

Odyssey and Wasamac Increase Company’s Presence in Quebec’s Prolific Abitibi Region

The development of the Odyssey project coupled with the recently acquired Wasamac project will significantly enhance the Company’s long-term production profile and further expand its presence in the Abitibi District, a prolific mining district in which Yamana has extensive experience and expertise. The Wasamac project, located 100 kilometres west of Canadian Malartic, has existing proven and probable mineral reserves of 1.8 million ounces of gold at 2.56 grams per tonne and possesses many parallels to the Odyssey project. There is excellent potential for significant future exploration success and mineral resource conversion at Wasamac, with the deposit remaining open at depth and along strike.

2021 - 2023 PRODUCTION GUIDANCE

The following table presents the Company's total gold, silver and gold equivalent ounces ("GEO") production expectations in 2021, 2022 and 2023. Actual production for the year-ended December 31, 2020 includes comparative operations, which comprise those mines in the Company's portfolio as of December 31, 2020. The Company notes that it guides on GEO production and costs based on a particular assumption of gold and silver prices. Although underlying gold and silver production does not change with the fluctuation in gold and silver prices, the change in the GEO ratio from such fluctuations may result in a different GEO production than that guided.

The production profile for 2021 to 2023 shows sequential growth in gold production. Several growth opportunities are available, and in the near and medium-term the Company remains focused on optimizing the existing portfolio of five operating mines while also advancing studies for various expansion projects and longer term development assets.

Production guidance for 2021 is slightly below the Company's guidance for 2021 from last year, entirely related to Cerro Moro. A more conservative production risk adjustment has been applied to Cerro Moro during 2021 to reflect the continued impact of Covid-19 related restrictions, as experienced in December. Costs for the mine have also been commensurately risk-adjusted.

The Company expects to continue its established trend of delivering stronger production in the second half of the year, with approximately 53% of production slated for the second half, along with quarterly sequential increases in production.

The Company looks at production within a normal range of +/- 3%, and the guidance values reflect both the mid-point and the range for the 2021-2023 period. With improved mine plans, the Company is also providing its maiden three-year guidance by mine as follows:

(000's ounces) 2020 Actual 2021 Guidance 2022 Guidance 2023 Guidance
    Mid-Point Range Mid-Point Range Mid-Point Range
Total gold production (3) 780 862 836 - 888 870 844 - 896 889 862 - 916
Total silver production 10,366 10,000 9,700 - 10,300 9,400 9,118 - 9,682 8,000 7,760 - 8,240
Total GEO production (i) 901 1,000 970 - 1,030 1,000 970 - 1,030 1,000 970 - 1,030

(i)     GEO assumes gold ounces plus the equivalent of silver ounces using a ratio of 88.86 for 2020, and a ratio of 72.00 for 2021, 2022 and 2023.


The following table presents mine-by-mine production results for Yamana Mines for 2020 and updates guidance provided on January 25, 2021, as the Company is now providing mine-by-mine guidance for the next three years:

(000's ounces)
Gold
2020 Actual 2021 Guidance
2022 Guidance 2023 Guidance
    Mid-Point Range Mid-Point Range Mid-Point Range
Canadian Malartic (50%)(3) 284 350 340 - 361 330 320 - 340 350 340 - 361
Jacobina 178 175 170 - 180 180 175 - 186 185 179 - 191
Cerro Moro 67 90 87 - 93 100 97 - 103 90 87 - 93
El Peñón 161 160 155 - 165 165 160 - 170 165 160 - 170
Minera Florida 90 87 84 - 90 95 92 - 98 99 96 - 102
Total 780 862 836 - 889 870 844 - 897 889 862 - 916
               
(000's ounces)
Silver
2020 Actual 2021 Guidance 2022 Guidance 2023 Guidance
    Mid-Point Range Mid-Point Range Mid-Point Range
Cerro Moro 5,449 5,500 5,335 - 5,665 5,000 4,850 - 5,150 3,500 3,395 - 3,605
El Peñón 4,917 4,500 4,365 - 4,635 4,400 4,268 - 4,532 4,500 4,365 - 4,635
Total 10,366 10,000 9,700 - 10,300 9,400 9,118 - 9,682 8,000 7,760 - 8,240
               
(000's ounces)
GEO
2020 Actual 2021 Guidance 2022 Guidance 2023 Guidance
    Mid-Point Range Mid-Point Range Mid-Point Range
Canadian Malartic (50%)(3) 284 350 340 - 361 330 320 - 340 350 340 - 361
Jacobina 178 175 170 - 180 180 175 - 186 185 179 - 191
Cerro Moro 132 166 161 - 171 169 164 - 174 138 134 - 142
El Peñón 217 222 215 - 229 226 219 - 233 228 221 - 235
Minera Florida 90 87 84 - 90 95 92 - 98 99 96 - 102
Total 901 1,000 970 - 1,030 1,000 970 - 1,030 1,000 970 - 1,030

Cost Outlook

The Company anticipates that it will continue to incur some costs in relation to COVID-19 in the near future. Current expectation of pandemic related costs is that those costs will continue to be incurred during the first half of the year and begin to decrease in the second half of the year with a rollout of vaccinations expected in most countries in which the Company operates. With increasing numbers of the population receiving the vaccine, we would expect to see increasing immunity and decreasing caseloads, allowing for gradual easing of our COVID-related controls and associated costs toward the second half of 2021 as noted. Total costs are expected to not exceed approximately $20 million for the year. Similar to 2020, COVID-19 costs are disclosed as part of mine operating earnings as temporary suspension, standby and other incremental COVID-19 costs and are excluded from cash costs and all-in sustaining costs (“AISC”).

The expected decline in COVID-19 costs throughout the upcoming year also corresponds to the Company’s customary lower second half of the year costs, associated with higher production levels.
The following table presents cost of sales, cash costs and AISC results in 2020 and guidance ranges for 2021.

(In US dollars)

Total cost of sales
per GEO sold
Cash costs per GEO sold (2) AISC per GEO sold (2) (i)
2020 Actual 2021 Guidance 2020 Actual 2021 Guidance 2020 Actual 2021 Guidance
Canadian Malartic (50%) (i) $ 1,207    1,100-1,145 $ 702    635-675 $ 945    850-885
Jacobina $ 844    850-885 $ 544    565-600 $ 746    735-765
Cerro Moro $ 1,513    1,450-1,510 $ 868    790-835 $ 1,280    1,175-1,225
El Peñón $ 980    1,140-1,180 $ 657    620-660 $ 922    835-870
Minera Florida $ 1,366    1,170-1,220 $ 862    740-785 $ 1,152    1,065-1,105
Total $ 1,151    1,140-1,190 $ 701    655-695 $ 1,080    980-1,020

(i)     Mine site AISC includes cash costs, mine site general and administrative expense, sustaining capital, capitalized exploration and expensed exploration. Consolidated AISC incorporates additional non-mine site costs including corporate general and administrative expense.


The following table presents expansionary capital, sustaining capital, and total exploration spend results for 2020 and expectations by mine for 2021:

  Expansionary capital Sustaining capital Total exploration
(In millions of US Dollars) 2020 Actual 2021 Guidance 2020 Actual 2021 Guidance 2020 Actual 2021 Guidance
Canadian Malartic (50%) (i) $ 12.2   $ 63.0   $ 52.5   $ 73.0   $ 10.1   $ 15.0  
Jacobina 15.8   29.0   21.6   19.0   6.0   12.0  
Cerro Moro 6.9   1.0   29.5   40.0   12.5   18.0  
El Peñón 0.5   1.0   31.4   31.0   15.9   18.0  
Minera Florida 19.9   17.0   12.6   19.0   7.0   11.0  
MARA 8.0   15.0          
Wasamac   5.0         11.0  
Other capital 3.5   1.0   1.7   1.0      
Generative exploration (expensed)         15.1   18.0  
Other exploration and overhead         6.1   7.0  
Total $ 66.8   $ 132.0   $ 149.3   $ 183.0   $ 72.7    $ 110.0
 

(i)  2021 guided Expansionary Capital has been revised to reflect the positive construction decision on Odyssey at Canadian Malartic.

 

Approximately 70% of the Company’s expected exploration spend is capital in nature.

Capital expenditure values for 2021 do not include the cost to add to long-term ore stockpile balances at Canadian Malartic. These costs are estimated at $15.0 million for 2021 compared to $5.9 million for 2020, both on a 50% basis.

The following table presents other expenditure results in 2020 and expectations for 2021:

(In millions of US Dollars) 2020 Actual   2021 Guidance
Total DDA $ 395.0   $ 470.0-500.0  
Cash based G&A $ 65.8   $ 72.0  
Cash income taxes paid (i) $ 99.3   $ 180.0-200.0
 

(i) Cash taxes paid consider payments made in relation to withholding tax and prior years, as in certain jurisdictions, final payments related to a fiscal year’s taxes are settled in the next fiscal year.

Guidance Assumptions

Key assumptions, in relation to the above guidance, are presented in the table below.

  2020 Actual (i) 2021 Guidance
GEO Ratio 88.86   72.00  
Gold $ 1,770   $ 1,800  
Silver $ 20.51   $ 25.00  
USD-CAD 1.34   1.28  
USD-BRL 5.16   5.25  
USD-CLP 792.17   725.00  
USD-ARS 70.65   108.00  

(i)  Metal prices and exchange rates shown in the table above are the average metal prices and exchange rates for the year ended December 31, 2020.


10-YEAR OUTLOOK: ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

The Company recently announced its 10-year outlook, highlighting a strong and sustainable production platform of at least 1 million GEO per year through 2030. As noted, production will be underpinned by continued operational success at the Company’s existing operations, which have consistently replaced mineral reserves above depletion, including in 2020. In addition, production will be driven by the now approved Odyssey underground project at Canadian Malartic, incremental production growth at Minera Florida, further expansions at Jacobina, and continued exploration success and mine life extension at Cerro Moro.

The Company reiterates this outlook and, with the benefit of its now completed mineral reserve and mineral resource update, provides this additional information.

Jacobina replaced 2020 depletion of gold mineral reserves and added approximately 300,000 ounces of additional reserves, based on positive infill drilling results at all mines and especially at Canavieiras Central, where drilling has added indicated mineral resources in the high grade LUT reef and lower grade parallel reefs. Average mineral reserve grade has modestly decreased as a result of such parallel reefs that are considered economical to mine. Operational costs will consequently not be affected by the change in reserve grade. In the short term, the Company expects to continue processing at a grade higher than average mineral reserves grade, as reflected in the 2020 average feed grade of 2.36 g/t. These lower grade mineral reserves also provide opportunities for incremental lower-cost mill feed in excess of the planned throughput rates, in the event that the processing plant optimizations and expansions exceed targeted throughput rates. Measured and indicated mineral resources and inferred mineral resources both increased from year end 2019, with total gold mineral resources and mineral reserves increasing by 823,000 ounces. The continued mineral reserve and mineral resource growth establishes Jacobina as a multi-decade operation and supports the ongoing production growth trend towards 230,000 ounces of gold per year after the implementation of the Phase 2 expansion project. As a result of the exploration success, the Company is now considering further growth opportunities including a potential Phase 3 expansion to 10,000 tpd.

At El Peñón, which recently completed its twenty-first year of production, the Company has a high degree of confidence that it will continue to replace mineral reserves through new discoveries and infill drilling on several major veins, thereby maintaining mine life visibility for at least another 10 years.

The Company further clarifies that El Peñón's outlook is fully supported by mineral reserves and mineral resources. Mineral resources are comprised of multiple veins at different grades. The Company plans to draw into inventory higher conviction mineral resources from veins which are at mineral reserve grade and close to the existing mine. The Company notes an increase in mineral reserve grade from 2019, highlighting that new ounces being converted to mineral reserves are higher than average mineral reserve grade. Moreover, the Company continues to make new discoveries of mineral inferred ounces that are also at better grades, as noted by an increase in mineral resource grade.

STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENTS

Jacobina, Brazil

The Phase 1 optimization project was completed in June. The project has exceeded expectations, with a higher than planned steady state of approximately 6,800 tpd achieved in both the second and third quarters. The Company has identified opportunities to further optimize the results and recoveries achieved in Phase 1 with a modest investment. Consequently, works commenced in the third quarter for the expansion of the gravity concentration circuit, with commissioning scheduled and on-track for mid-2021 and with an objective to optimize gold recovery at the higher throughput rate.

In addition to the incremental optimization of Phase 1, the Company is advancing the Phase 2 expansion at Jacobina, for an increase in throughput to 8,500 tpd. The Company is currently in the engineering phase, with permitting underway. Included in the mine's expansionary budget in 2021 of $29.0 million, is approximately $18.0 million for the procurement of long-lead items and expansionary development to support the higher throughput to the mill. The throughput increase will be achieved through the installation of an additional grinding line and incremental upgrades to the crushing and gravity circuits. The Phase 2 expansion is expected to increase annual gold production to approximately 230,000 ounces per year, representing a 28% increase from current levels, reduce costs, and generate significantly more cash flow and attractive returns. The Company expects to provide an update regarding capex and development schedule in mid-2021 once studies are finalized to conclude permitting.
The Company anticipates that the updated capital costs will not exceed the previously estimated and disclosed $57 million, and it has already begun to incur these costs for long-lead time items. The estimated capital costs of $57 million had been based on an assumed BRL:USD rate of 4.0. The BRL:USD foreign exchange rates are currently higher at over 5.0, and consequently, the Company anticipates that the weaker rates will provide capital cost and operating cost benefits.  

Separately, Jacobina is studying the installation of a backfill plant to allow up to 2,000 tpd of tailings to be deposited in underground voids. A concept study was completed in the second quarter, with preliminary results indicating that the project would improve the way in which the Company manages the environment and environmental impact, extend the life of the existing tailings storage facility consequently decreasing future capital investment intensity, and improve mining recovery resulting in an increased conversion of mineral resources to mineral reserves. The placement of backfill in empty stopes would allow for greater recovery of mineralized pillars that otherwise would have been left behind to ensure ground stability. Backfill in strategic higher grade zones would increase mineral reserves with the recovery of those mineralized pillars. In addition, the improvement in ground stability would have a positive impact on dilution. The current backfill system design includes a tailings classification plant, located close to the existing processing plant, and two backfill preparation plants at the João Belo and Morro do Vento mines. The Company is advancing the backfill project to a feasibility study, to be completed by the end of the first quarter of 2021.

Lastly, the Company has also begun a conceptual study on a Phase 3 expansion, which would increase throughput to 10,000 tpd, utilize the existing grinding line, while expanding crushing and leaching circuits and adding additional mining equipment and infrastructure.

MARA Project (Agua Rica and Alumbrera Integration), Argentina

On December 17, 2020, the Company completed the project integration (the "Integration Transaction") with Glencore International AG and Newmont Corporation and a new partnership was formed to manage, develop and operate the project. The development will be pursuant to the plan contemplated in the agreement and by the partners, and the Agua Rica project will be developed and operated using the existing infrastructure and facilities of Alumbrera in the Catamarca Province of Argentina. Going forward, the integrated project will be known as the MARA Project.

Under the agreement, Yamana, as the sole owner of Agua Rica, and the partners of Alumbrera have created a new Joint Venture pursuant to which Yamana holds a controlling ownership interest in the MARA Project at 56.25%. Glencore holds a 25.00% interest and Newmont holds an 18.75% interest. Yamana will be the operator of the Joint Venture and will continue to lead the engagement with local, provincial, and national stakeholders, and completion of the Feasibility Study and Environmental Impact Assessment ("EIA") for the MARA project. A MARA Joint Venture Technical Committee has been formed and comprises representatives of the three companies.

The Integration Transaction creates significant synergies by combining existing substantive infrastructure which was formerly used to process ore from the Alumbrera mine during its mine life, including processing facilities, a fully permitted tailings storage facility, pipeline, logistical installations, ancillary buildings, and other infrastructure, with the future open pit Agua Rica mine. The result is a significantly de-risked project with a smaller environmental footprint and improved efficiencies, creating one of the lowest capital intensity projects in the world as measured by pound of copper produced and in-situ copper mineral reserves.

The Pre-feasibility Study ("PFS") for the Integrated Project considers the Agua Rica deposit mined via a conventional high tonnage truck and shovel open pit operation. Average life of mine material moved is expected to be approximately 108 million tonnes per year, with ore feed of 40 million tonnes per year and average life of mine strip ratio of 1.66.
This PFS provides the framework for the preparation and submission of a new EIA to the authorities of the Catamarca Province and for the continued engagement with local stakeholders and communities. The Companies began the EIA process in 2019, given the level of significant detail in the PFS.

The Joint Venture Technical Committee advanced optimization studies in late 2019 and early 2020, and is now advancing a full Feasibility Study on the Integrated Project, with updated mineral reserve, production and project cost estimates. It has also obtained a provisional Permit for early exploration works from the local authorities in order to conduct field work for the Feasibility Study and collect additional information for the Integrated Project EIA. COVID-19 has introduced uncertainty into the timeline relating to the completion of the Feasibility Study, mainly due to environmental permit approvals and field work, although as the permit process is well advanced, work preparation has begun in anticipation of receiving necessary authorizations in normal course. Despite the aforementioned delays, Feasibility Study work is ongoing and key technical results are expected during 2021. While the Company continues to advance the Feasibility Study, it notes that a considerable amount of information in the PFS is already at Feasibility Study level mostly as a result of the Integration Transaction. The full Feasibility report and EIA completion are expected in 2022.

The most recent technical studies have confirmed that the processing facility at Alumbrera is capable of processing up to 44.0 million tonnes per year, with minor additional capital expenditures, which represents a significant upside to the PFS results. Further tests and studies are scheduled for the Feasibility Study stage in order to confirm and optimize the concentrate transportation capacity of the pipeline and the mining plan to support higher throughput. In addition, upside opportunities have already been identified by re-sequencing low grade stockpile, and are expected to provide significant further value for the integrated project. The estimated expenses for the Company to advance the project through the Feasibility Study and EIA are in the range of $20.0 million to $25.0 million for the next three years (Yamana's 56.25% interest), representing a manageable and modest investment in relation to the value creation of advancing the Integrate Project to the next phases of development.

After a strategic review, the Company has concluded that MARA represents an excellent development and growth project which the Company intends to continue to advance through the development process through the Company's controlling interest in the project.

The Company acquired cash and cash equivalents of $222.5 million in the acquisition of Alumbrera.

For further details on the Integration Transaction, critical accounting policies, and critical judgments, please refer to the Company's consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Acquisition of Wasamac Property and Camflo Property and Mill (Monarch Gold Acquisition)

On January 21, 2021, the Company completed its acquisition of the Wasamac property and the Camflo property and mill (the “Acquisition Properties”) through the acquisition of all of the outstanding shares of Monarch Gold Corporation (“Monarch”) not owned by Yamana. Yamana previously announced that it had entered into a definitive agreement with Monarch Gold on November 2, 2020, to acquire the properties, under a plan of arrangement.

The addition of the Wasamac project to Yamana’s portfolio further solidifies the Company’s long-term growth profile with a top-tier gold project in Quebec’s Abitibi region, a prolific mining district where Yamana has deep operational and technical expertise and experience. The geological characteristics of the Wasamac ore body suggest it holds the potential to be an underground mine with the potential to achieve the same scale, grade, production, and costs as Yamana’s successful Jacobina mine in Brazil, and it possesses many parallels to the underground project at Canadian Malartic.

Wasamac consists of a single, continuous shear zone with a consistent grade distribution and wide mining widths, making it amenable to simple, productive, and cost efficient underground bulk mining methods. The deposit has existing proven and probable mineral reserves of 21.45 million tonnes at 2.56 g/t for total proven and probable mineral reserves of 1.8 million ounces of gold. Mineral resources and proven and probable mineral reserves are supported by a Feasibility Study previously completed by Monarch in 2018 (the “Wasamac Feasibility Study”). The Wasamac Feasibility Study outlined a 6,000 tonnes per day operation with average gold production of 160,000 ounces per year. Costs are expected to be at the lower end of the Company’s profile, providing an improvement to consolidated costs.

There remains excellent potential for significant future exploration success and mineral resource conversion, with the Wasamac deposit remaining open at depth and along strike. Yamana plans to build on the ongoing permitting and social licensing effort carried out by Monarch, applying the Company’s strong ESG framework and best practices, and leveraging the Company’s extensive experience in permitting and proven track record of building strong, respectful, and mutually beneficial relationships with the communities and governments wherever it operates. Building off the work completed to date, Yamana plans to commence an exploration and infill drilling campaign and other studies to refine and expand upon the potential of Wasamac and its development alternatives, with an update on these plans to be provided by the third quarter of 2021.

Prior to closing the acquisition of Wasamac, in late 2020 the Company began the process of opening a regional office in the Abitibi region, and hiring personnel to manage the permitting process and related studies to update the Feasibility Study.

GENERATIVE EXPLORATION PROGRAM AND STRATEGY

The 2020 generative exploration program focused on finding higher quality ounces, improving mine grade, infill drilling to replace production by upgrading existing mineral resources, and exploring the Yamana property portfolio as well as several joint venture opportunities. The following are key elements and objectives of the program:

  • Target the Company’s most advanced exploration projects while retaining the flexibility to prioritize other projects in the portfolio as and when merited by drill results.
  • Add new inferred mineral resources of at least 1.5 million ounces of gold equivalent within the next three years to move at least one project towards a preliminary economic assessment.
  • On a longer term basis, advance at least one project to a mineral inventory that is large enough to support a mine plan demonstrating positive economics with annual gold production of approximately 150,000 ounces for at least eight years.
  • Advance both gold-only and copper-gold projects and, in the latter case, consider joint venture agreements aimed at increasing mineral resource and advancing the project to development while Yamana maintains an economic interest in the project.

During the fourth quarter, exploration drilling and other field activities continued to ramp up in most jurisdictions as responses to COVID-19 restrictions were managed. Drilling activities continued in Brazil at Ivolandia to expand the near surface oxide targets, and drilling was reinitiated at Lavra Velha and Borborema, as described in more detail below. Exploration drilling was also initiated at Jacobina Norte during the fourth quarter. Exploration in Chile in the fourth quarter included RC scout drill testing at several early-stage projects near the El Peñón mine. Exploration in Argentina was limited due to travel restrictions, but drilling in 2021 is planned to test breccia-related high-sulphidation epithermal gold targets on the Company’s Las Flechas property. At Monument Bay, Manitoba, an initial Phase I deep drilling program was completed, designed to test the down plunge projections of modeled, plunging high-grade zones at the Twin Lakes deposit.

The Company is budgeting $18.0 million of generative exploration expenses in 2021. The generative exploration program targets advanced and advancing exploration projects in Yamana's existing portfolio, particularly Canada and Brazil.

YEAR END MINERAL RESERVES AND MINERAL RESOURCES SUMMARY

As at December 31, 2020

Proven and probable mineral reserves      
  Tonnes (000's) Grade (g/t) Contained oz. (000's)
Gold 765,505   0.56 13,803  
Silver 633,832   5.5 112,780  

 

Measured and indicated mineral resources      
  Tonnes (000's) Grade (g/t) Contained oz. (000's)
Gold 485,681   0.94 14,604  
Silver 165,889   9.2 49,004  

 

Inferred mineral resources      
  Tonnes (000's) Grade (g/t) Contained oz. (000's)
Gold 653,662   0.75 15,714  
Silver 444,541   4.4 62,859  


Additional details relating to the Company’s mineral reserve and mineral resource estimates as at December 31, 2020 are presented below.

Jacobina, Brazil

Jacobina replaced 2020 depletion of gold mineral reserves and added approximately 300,000 ounces of additional reserves, based on positive infill drilling results at all mines and especially at Canavieiras Central, where drilling has added indicated mineral resources in the high grade LUT reef and lower grade parallel reefs. Average mineral reserve grade has modestly decreased as a result of such parallel reefs that are considered economical to mine. Operational costs will consequently not be affected by the change in reserve grade. In the short term, the Company expects to continue processing at a grade higher than average mineral reserves grade, as reflected in the 2020 average feed grade of 2.36 g/t. These lower grade mineral reserves also provide opportunities for incremental lower-cost mill feed in excess of the planned throughput rates, in the event that the processing plant optimizations and expansions exceed targeted throughput rates. Measured and indicated mineral resources and inferred mineral resources both increased from year end 2019, with total gold mineral resources and mineral reserves increasing by 823,000 ounces. The continued mineral reserve and mineral resource growth establishes Jacobina as a multi-decade operation and supports the ongoing production growth trend towards 230,000 ounces of gold per year after the implementation of the Phase 2 expansion project. As a result of the exploration success, the Company is now considering further growth opportunities including a potential Phase 3 expansion to 10,000 tpd.

Jacobina Gold Mineral Reserves (000's of ounces)

A chart accompanying this announcement is available at https://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/c454ea0c-c2de-4314-8825-0a2203072603

(i)  Additions from infill drilling and mine design optimization.


Canadian Malartic including Odyssey, Canada (50%)

At Canadian Malartic, an optimized design of the Barnat pit resulted in an increase in gold mineral reserves, which significantly reduced depletion resulting from production. On a 50% basis, while 325,000 ounces of mineral reserves were depleted through production, the optimized pit design resulted in an increase of approximately 150,000 ounces. This, combined with other small additions, resulted in net depletion of only 175,000 ounces. This allows for approximately half a year of additional mine life from the open pit operation. Underground inferred mineral resources at East Gouldie increased by 3.68 million ounces on a 100% basis as a result of the infill drilling program conducted throughout 2020, while the zone continues to expand at depth. On a 100% basis, the overall underground project has increased to more than 14,000,000 ounces of gold mineral resources, of which approximately 7,300,000 ounces are included in a Preliminary Economic Assessment completed in February 2021. The remaining mineral resources, together with the potential extension of East Gouldie at depth, represents further upside to extend mine life beyond 2040. Additional exploration in the underground project is planned for 2020, including the first drill holes from an underground drill bay off the exploration ramp which commenced in the fourth quarter of 2020.

Canadian Malartic Gold Mineral Reserves (50%) (000's of ounces)

A chart accompanying this announcement is available at https://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/a80eb164-2049-4cff-a0ca-5ee889755105

(i)  Additions through pit design optimization.


El Peñón, Chile

El Peñón's gold mineral reserves replaced 2020 depletion as the result of positive infill drilling. This is the third consecutive year that El Peñón gold mineral reserves have replaced depletion of mining, increasing from 764,000 ounces in year-end 2017 to 921,000 ounces in year-end 2020. Gold and silver measured and indicated mineral resources increased by 16% and 17% respectively, compared to the prior year, due to the positive infill drilling results, especially at La Paloma, Pampa Campamento, and Quebrada Colorada Sur, the latter of which is a new vein discovered in early 2020, converted to inferred and then indicated mineral resources throughout the year, and incorporated into the mine plan in 2021. Inferred gold mineral resources also increased by 16%, providing additional targets for infill drilling in 2021. A subset of these inferred mineral resources, subjected to the same economic and mining parameters as mineral reserves, are included in the Company’s 10-year production outlook for El Peñón. Although the average mineral resource grade is lower than mineral reserves grade, the subset of mineral resources included in the mine plan is of similar grades to mineral reserves. This process is demonstrated in the year-end mineral reserves, where the inferred mineral resources converted to mineral reserves in 2020 are higher than average reserves grade and the new inferred mineral resources added throughout the year are also higher than average grade. The ongoing exploration success and mineral reserves replacement at El Peñón continues to extend the mine life of the operation, which is entering its 22nd year of production, and unlocks opportunities for sustainable production growth with minimal capital investment.

El Peñón Gold Mineral Reserves (000's of ounces)

A chart accompanying this announcement is available at https://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/34ce6609-bea6-481c-a0cb-d9cdbcfa1189

El Peñón Silver Mineral Reserves (000's of ounces)

A chart accompanying this announcement is available at https://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/0d993d71-27ed-47c4-bd75-b4e085b18cfb

(i)  Additions through infill drilling.


Cerro Moro, Argentina

At Cerro Moro, mineral reserves changed due to 2020 depletion and adjustments to the geological models, partly offset by new mineral reserves at Naty. The model adjustments, as an outcome of increased geological understanding gained from mining of the deposits, together with addition of new lower grade open pit mineral reserves, have resulted in a reduction of average mineral reserves grade. Higher grade intercepts at depth at Zoe and Escondida late in the year are not included in the year-end mineral reserves and mineral resources but will be followed up with drilling in 2021. Although COVID-19 related disruptions impacted the Company’s ability to add new inferred mineral resources in 2020, approximately 56,000 ounces of gold inferred mineral resources have been added as a potential heap leach inventory. Promising metallurgical testing results and conceptual level engineering completed in 2020 demonstrate the potential for a parallel heap leach operation to provide supplementary production to the existing plant and provides a lower cost processing alternative to reduce cut-off grade and convert the expanding inventory of lower grade mineralization that is sub-economic at the current mineral reserves parameters. Drilling will follow up on heap leach targets in 2021 with an objective to build inferred mineral resources.

Cerro Moro Gold Mineral Reserves (000's of ounces)

A chart accompanying this announcement is available at https://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/fba6d0a1-ddf5-4863-941b-29244afeb675

Cerro Moro Silver Mineral Reserves (000's of ounces)

A chart accompanying this announcement is available at https://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/875f0e97-64e1-4f7b-8c17-7bff3c54561e

(i)  Adjustments to block models.
(ii)  Additions through drilling.


Minera Florida, Chile

At Minera Florida, mineral reserves changed due to depletion from mining, partially offset by additions as a result of positive drilling results at Pataguas and Don Leopoldo. Indicated and inferred mineral resources increased by 30,000 ounces and 9,000 ounces of gold respectively. Due to COVID-19 impacts, drilling of several zones that was planned for earlier in the year was postponed to the fourth quarter and is therefore not included in the year-end mineral resource and mineral reserves statements.

Minera Florida Gold Mineral Reserves (000's of ounces)

A photo accompanying this announcement is available at https://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/35f86b1f-a1e9-4ec7-a786-48170095a770

(i)  Additions due to infill drilling.


KEY STATISTICS

Key operating and financial statistics for the fourth quarter and full year 2020 are outlined in the following tables.

Financial Summary

(In millions of United States Dollars, except for per share and per unit amounts)

Three Months Ended
December 31,
Year Ended
December 31,
2020  2019  2020  2019 
Revenue $ 461.8     $ 383.8     $ 1,561.0     $ 1,612.2    
Cost of sales excluding depletion, depreciation and amortization (166.8 )   (169.4 )   (614.1 )   (782.8 )  
Depletion, depreciation and amortization (112.5 )   (119.0 )   (395.0 )   (471.7 )  
Total cost of sales (279.3 )   (288.4 )   (1009.1 )   (1254.5 )  
Net reversal of impairment of mining properties 191.0         191.0        
Temporary suspension, standby and other incremental COVID-19 costs (9.2 )       (40.5 )      
Mine operating earnings 364.3     95.4     702.4     357.7    
General and administrative expenses (23.4 )   (19.3 )   (85.9 )   (79.4 )  
Exploration and evaluation expenses (6.0 )   (3.3 )   (15.1 )   (10.3 )  
Net earnings 103.0     14.6     203.6     225.6    
Net earnings per share - basic and diluted (i) 0.11     0.02     0.21     0.24    
Cash flow generated from operations after changes in non-cash working capital 181.5     201.7     617.8     521.8    
Cash flow from operations before changes in non-cash working capital (ii) 207.4     176.6     688.7     590.5    
Revenue per ounce of gold 1,875     1,486     1,777     1,392    
Revenue per ounce of silver 24.02     17.55     21.11     16.39    
Average realized gold price per ounce $ 1,875     $ 1,484     $ 1,777     $ 1,387    
Average realized silver price per ounce $ 24.02     $ 17.50     $ 20.93     $ 16.26    

(i)  For the three months and year ended December 31, 2020, the weighted average number of shares outstanding was 952,435 thousand (basic) and 954,565 thousand (diluted), and 951,818 thousand (basic) and 953,846 thousand (diluted), respectively.
(ii)  Refers to a non-GAAP financial measure or an additional line item or subtotal in financial statements. Please see the discussion included at the end of this press release under the heading “Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Additional Line Items and Subtotals in Financial Statements”. Reconciliations for all non-GAAP financial measures are available at www.yamana.com/Q42020 and in Section 12 of the Company’s Management’s Discussion & Analysis for the year ended December 31, 2020, which is available on the Company's website and on SEDAR.


Production, Financial and Operating Summary

Costs Three Months Ended December 31 Year Ended December 31,
(In United States Dollars) 2020 2019 2020 2019
Per GEO sold (1)        
Total cost of sales $ 1,131   $ 1,117   $ 1,151   $ 1,143  
Cash Costs (2) $ 675   $ 656   $ 701   $ 679  
AISC (2) $ 1,076   $ 1,011   $ 1,080   $ 999  
  Three Months Ended December 31 Year Ended December 31,
Gold Ounces 2020 2019 2020 2019
Canadian Malartic (50%) (3) 86,371   85,042   284,317   334,596  
Jacobina 44,165   41,774   177,830   159,499  
Cerro Moro 21,259
  26,568   66,995   120,802  
El Peñón 43,512 
  48,131   160,824   159,515  
Minera Florida 26,352   20,080   89,843   73,617  
TOTAL 221,659   221,595   779,809   848,029  

 

  Three Months Ended December 31 Year Ended December 31,
Silver Ounces 2020 2019 2020 2019
Cerro Moro 1,663,708   1,584,904   5,448,561   6,322,864  
El Peñón 922,954   1,382,963   4,917,101   4,317,292  
TOTAL 2,586,662   2,967,867   10,365,662   10,640,156  

For a full discussion of Yamana’s operational and financial results and mineral reserve and mineral resource estimates, please refer to the Company’s Management’s Discussion & Analysis and Consolidated Financial Statements for the year ended December 31, 2020, which are available on the Company's website at www.yamana.com, on SEDAR at www.sedar.com and on EDGAR at www.sec.gov.


MINERAL RESERVE AND MINERAL RESOURCE ESTIMATES

Mineral Reserves (Proven and Probable)

The following table sets forth the Mineral Reserve estimates for the Company’s mineral projects as at December 31, 2020.

Gold Proven Mineral Reserves Probable Mineral Reserves Total - Proven & Probable
  Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained
  (000's) (g/t) oz. (000's) (000's) (g/t) oz. (000's) (000's) (g/t) oz. (000's)
Canadian Malartic, Barnat & Other Zones (50%) 25,370   0.85   696   36,068   1.31   1,518   61,438   1.12   2,214  
Canadian Malartic Underground (50%)                  
Canadian Malartic (50%) 25,370   0.85   696   36,068   1.31 1,518   61,438   1.12 2,214  
Jacobina 28,821   2.16   2,004   11,277   2.22 804   40,098   2.18 2,807  
Cerro Moro 328   6.58   69   1,338   8.40 361   1,666   8.04 431  
El Peñón Ore 368   5.73   68   5,121   5.02 827   5,489   5.07 895  
El Peñón Stockpiles 9   1.40     651   1.26 26   660   1.26 27  
El Peñón Total 377   5.63   68   5,772   4.60 853   6,149   4.66 921  
Minera Florida Ore 1,215   3.60   141   2,104   3.70 250   3,319   3.66 391  
Minera Florida Tailings       1,248   0.94 38   1,248   0.94 38  
Minera Florida Total 1,215   3.60   141   3,352   2.67 288   4,567   2.92 428  
Yamana Operations Gold Mineral Reserves 56,112   1.65   2,978   57,807   2.06 3,824   113,918   1.86 6,802  
Jeronimo (57%) 6,350   3.91   798   2,331   3.79 284   8,681   3.88 1,082  
MARA Project (56.25%) 330,300   0.25   2,655   291,150   0.16 1,498   621,450   0.21 4,152  
Wasamac 1,028   2.66   88   20,427   2.56 1,679   21,455   2.56 1,767  
Total Gold Mineral Reserves 393,790   0.51   6,519   371,715   0.61 7,285   765,505   0.56 13,803  

 

Silver Proven Mineral Reserves Probable Mineral Reserves Total - Proven & Probable
  Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained
  (000's) (g/t) oz. (000's) (000's) (g/t) oz. (000's) (000's) (g/t) oz. (000's)
Cerro Moro 328   390.0   4,109   1,338   460.0   19,788   1,666   446.3   23,897  
El Peñón Ore 368   213.4   2,526   5,121   160.2   26,378   5,489   163.8   28,904  
El Peñón Stockpiles 9   54.1   16   651   14.1   294   660   14.6   310  
El Peñón Total 377   209.5   2,542   5,772   143.7   26,672   6,149   147.8   29,214  
Minera Florida Ore 1,215   23.4   915   2,104   21.9   1,481   3,319   22.4   2,396  
Minera Florida Tailings       1,248   14.5   584   1,248   14.5   584  
Minera Florida Total 1,215   23.4   915   3,352   19.2   2,065   4,567   20.3   2,979  
Yamana Operations Silver Mineral Reserves 1,921   122.5   7,566   10,461   144.3   48,525   12,382   140.9   56,091  
MARA Project (56.25%) 330,300   3.0   32,070   291,150   2.6   24,618   621,450   2.8   56,689  
Total Silver Mineral Reserves 332,221   3.7   39,636   301,611   7.5   73,143   633,832   5.5   112,780  

 

Copper Proven Mineral Reserves Probable Mineral Reserves Total - Proven & Probable
  Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained
  (000's) (% ) lbs (mm) (000's) (%) lbs (mm) (000's) (%) lbs (mm)
MARA Project (56.25%) 330,300   0.57 4,151   291,150   0.39 2,503   621,450   0.49 6,654  
Total Copper Mineral Reserves 330,300   0.57 4,151   291,150   0.39 2,503   621,450   0.49 6,654  

 

Zinc Proven Mineral Reserves Probable Mineral Reserves Total - Proven & Probable
  Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained
  (000's) (% ) lbs (mm) (000's) (%) lbs (mm) (000's) (%) lbs (mm)
Minera Florida Ore 1,215   1.22   33   2,104   1.17 54   3,319   1.19 87  
Minera Florida Tailings       1,248   0.58 16   1,248   0.58 16  
Minera Florida Total 1,215   1.22   33   3,352   0.95 70   4,567   1.02 103  
Total Zinc Mineral Reserves 1,215   1.22   33   3,352   0.95 70   4,567   1.02 103  

 

Molybdenum Proven Mineral Reserves Probable Mineral Reserves Total - Proven & Probable
  Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained
  (000's) (% ) lbs (mm) (000's) (%) lbs (mm) (000's) (%) lbs (mm)
MARA Project (56.25%) 330,300   0.030 218   291,150   0.030 192   621,450   0.030 411  
Total Molybdenum Mineral Reserves 330,300   0.030 218   291,150   0.030 192   621,450   0.030 411  


Mineral Resources (Measured, Indicated, and Inferred)

The following tables set forth the Mineral Resource estimates for the Company’s mineral projects as at December 31, 2020.

Gold Measured Mineral Resources Indicated Mineral Resources Total - Measured & Indicated
  Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained
  (000's) (g/t) oz. (000's) (000's) (g/t) oz. (000's) (000's) (g/t) oz. (000's)
Canadian Malartic, Barnat & Other Zones (50%) 149   0.55   3   2,566   1.24   103   2,715   1.21   105  
Odyssey Underground (50%)       1,000   1.90   61   1,000   1.90   61  
East Malartic Underground (50%)       5,658   2.03   368   5,658   2.03   368  
East Gouldie Underground (50%)                  
Canadian Malartic Total (50%) 149   0.55   3   9,225   1.79   532   9,373   1.77   535  
Jacobina 28,777   2.44   2,257   17,070   2.29   1,257   45,847   2.38   3,514  
Cerro Moro 77   5.22   13   647   3.70   77   725   3.86   90  
El Peñón Mine 667   4.81   103   6,355   3.06   625   7,022   3.22   728  
El Peñón Tailings                  
El Peñón Stockpiles       1,019   1.13   37   1,019   1.13   37  
El Peñón Total 667   4.81   103   7,374   2.79   662   8,041   2.96   765  
Minera Florida 2,455   5.03   397   3,776   4.62   561   6,230   4.79   959  
Yamana Operations Measured & Indicated Gold Mineral Resources 32,124   2.68   2,773   38,092   2.52   3,089   70,216   2.60   5,862  
Jeronimo (57%) 772   3.77   94   385   3.69   46   1,157   3.74   139  
La Pepa 15,750   0.61   308   133,682   0.57   2,452   149,432   0.57   2,760  
Suyai       4,700   15.00   2,286   4,700   15.00   2,286  
MARA Project (56.25%) 95,447   0.26   786   121,198   0.12   459   216,645   0.18   1,245  
Monument Bay       36,581   1.52   1,787   36,581   1.52   1,787  
Wasamac 2,770   2.46   219   4,180   2.28   306   6,950   2.35   525  
Total Measured & Indicated Gold Mineral Resources 146,864   0.89   4,180   338,818   0.96   10,426   485,681   0.94   14,604  

 

Silver Measured Mineral Resources Indicated Mineral Resources Total - Measured & Indicated
  Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained
  (000's) (g/t) oz. (000's) (000's) (g/t) oz. (000's) (000's) (g/t) oz. (000's)
Cerro Moro 77   202.4   504   647   274.6   5,716   725   266.9   6,220  
El Peñón Mine 667   143.0   3,063   6,355   105.4   21,535   7,022   109.0   24,599  
El Peñón Tailings                  
El Peñón Stockpiles       1,019   28.8   942   1,019   28.8   942  
El Peñón Total 667   143.0   3,063   7,374   94.8   22,478   8,041   98.8   25,541  
Minera Florida 2,455   30.7   2,422   3,776   23.5   2,857   6,230   26.4   5,279  
Yamana Operations Measured & Indicated Silver Mineral Resources 3,198   58.20   5,989   11,797   81.9   31,051   14,996   76.8   37,039  
MARA Project (56.25%) 30,150   1.60   1,502   116,044   1.9   6,940   146,194   1.8   8,442  
Suyai       4,700   23.0   3,523   4,700   23.0   3,523  
Total Measured & Indicated Silver Mineral Resources 33,348   7.0   7,491   132,541   9.7   41,513   165,889   9.2   49,004  

 

Copper Measured Mineral Resources Indicated Mineral Resources Total - Measured & Indicated
  Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained
  (000's) (% ) lbs (mm) (000's) (%) lbs (mm) (000's) (%) lbs (mm)
MARA Project (56.25%) 95,447   0.28 591   121,198   0.30 791   216,645   0.29 1,383  
Total Measured & Indicated Copper Mineral Resources 95,447   0.28 591   121,198   0.30 791   216,645   0.29 1,383  

 

Zinc Measured Mineral Resources Indicated Mineral Resources Total - Measured & Indicated
  Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained
  (000's) (% ) lbs (mm) (000's) (%) lbs (mm) (000's) (%) lbs (mm)
Minera Florida 2,455   1.37 74   3,776   1.33 110   6,230   1.34 184  
Total Measured & Indicated Zinc Mineral Resources 2,455   1.37 74   3,776   1.33 110   6,230   1.34 184  

 

Molybdenum Measured Mineral Resources Indicated Mineral Resources Total - Measured & Indicated
  Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained Tonnes Grade Contained
  (000's) (% ) lbs (mm) (000's) (%) lbs (mm) (000's) (%) lbs (mm)
MARA Project (56.25%) 95,447   0.014 30   121,198   0.029 78   216,645   0.022 107  
Total Measured & Indicated Molybdenum Mineral Resources 95,447   0.014 30   121,198   0.029 78   216,645   0.022 107  

 

Gold Inferred Mineral Resources
  Tonnes Grade Contained
  (000's) (g/t) oz. (000's)
Canadian Malartic, Barnat & Other Zones (50%) 3,688   0.78 92  
Odyssey Underground (50%) 13,853   2.05 913  
East Malartic Underground (50%) 43,444   1.91 2,669  
East Gouldie Underground (50%) 31,469   3.17 3,209  
Canadian Malartic (50%) 92,454   2.32 6,883  
Jacobina 20,078   2.31 1,494  
Cerro Moro 2,106   3.75 254  
El Peñón Mine 5,208   3.61 605  
El Peñón Tailings 13,767   0.55 245  
El Peñón Stockpiles    
El Peñón Total 18,975   1.39 850  
Minera Florida 4,678   5.02 755  
Yamana Operations Inferred Gold Mineral Resources 138,292   2.30 10,235  
Arco Sul 6,203   3.08 615  
Jeronimo (57%) 1,118   4.49 161  
La Pepa 37,900   0.50 620  
Lavra Velha 3,934   4.29 543  
MARA Project (56.25%) 419,590   0.09 1,222  
Monument Bay 41,946   1.32 1,781  
Suyai 900   9.90 274  
Wasamac 3,780   2.17 263  
Total Inferred Gold Mineral Resources 653,662   0.75 15,714  

 

Silver Inferred Mineral Resources
  Tonnes Grade Contained
  (000's) (g/t) oz. (000's)
Cerro Moro 2,106   129.8 8,786  
El Peñón Mine 5,208   118.0 19,758  
El Peñón Tailings 13,767   18.9 8,380  
El Peñón Stockpiles    
El Peñón Total 18,975   46.1 28,138  
Minera Florida 4,678   23.9 3,596  
Yamana Operations Inferred Silver Mineral Resources 25,759   48.9 40,520  
MARA Project (56.25%) 417,881   1.6 21,765  
Suyai 900   21.0 575  
Total Inferred Silver Mineral Resources 444,541   4.4 62,859  

 

Copper Inferred Mineral Resources
  Tonnes Grade Contained
  (000's) (% ) lbs (mm)
MARA Project (56.25%) 419,590   0.23 2,125  
Total Inferred Copper Mineral Resources 419,590   0.23 2,125  

 

Zinc Inferred Mineral Resources
  Tonnes Grade Contained
  (000's) (% ) lbs (mm)
Minera Florida 4,678   1.42 147  
Total Inferred Zinc Mineral Resources 4,678   1.42 147  

 

Molybdenum Inferred Mineral Resources
  Tonnes Grade Contained
  (000's) (% ) lbs (mm)
MARA Project (56.25%) 419,590   0.030 277  
Total Inferred Molybdenum Mineral Resources 419,590   0.030 277  


Mineral Reserve and Mineral Resource Reporting Notes

1. Metal Price, Cut-off Grade, Metallurgical Recovery:

Mine Mineral Reserves   Mineral Resources
Yamana Gold Operations  
Canadian Malartic (50%) Price assumption: $1,250 gold   Price assumption: $1,250 gold. Cut-off grades correspond to 75% of the cut-off used to estimate the mineral reserves
       
  Open pit cut-off grades range from 0.39 to 0.40 g/t gold   Canadian Malartic, Barnat and other zones cut-off grades range from 0.29 to 0.40 g/t gold inside pit, and from 1.15 to 1.20 g/t gold outside or below pit (stope optimized)
       
  Metallurgical recoveries for gold averaging 90.5%   Underground cut-off grade at Odyssey is 1.00 to 1.30 g/t gold (stope optimized)
       
      Underground cut-off grade at East Malartic is 1.10 to 1.40 g/t gold (stope optimized)
       
      Underground cut-off grade at East Gouldie is 1.10 to 1.25 g/t gold (stope optimized)
Cerro Moro Price assumptions: $1,250 gold and $18.00 silver   Price assumptions: $1,250 gold and $18.00 silver. NSR cut-off values correspond to 75% of reserves cut-off
       
  Underground NSR cut-off at $215/t and open pit NSR cut-off at $123/t   Underground NSR cut-off at $161.25/t and open pit NSR cut-off at $92.25/t
       
  Metallurgical recoveries average 95% for gold and 93% for silver   Heap leach resource reported at NSR cut-off value of $95/t (underground) and $26/t (open pit)
       
      Constrained in optimized stopes and pit shells
El Peñón Price assumptions: $1,250 gold, $18.00 silver   Price assumptions: $1,250 gold, $18.00 silver
       
  Open Pit cut-off at $49.14/t   Underground cut-off at $95.31/t, which corresponds to 75% of the cut-off value used to estimate the mineral reserves
       
  Underground cut-off at $127.08/t   Tailings and stockpiles reported at cut-offs of 0.50 g/t and 0.79 g/t gold equivalent respectively
       
  Low grade stockpiles cut-off 0.90 g/t gold equivalent   Metallurgical recoveries for underground ores range from 84.13% to 97.38% for gold and from 56.47% to 92.33% for silver
       
  Metallurgical recoveries for open pit ores range from 84.13% to 89.22% for gold and from 79.71% to 81.67% for silver   Metallurgical recoveries for tailings estimated to be 60% for gold and 30% for silver
       
  Metallurgical recoveries for underground ores range from 84.13% to 97.38% for gold and from 56.47% to 92.33% for silver   Metallurgical recoveries for stockpiles estimated to be 88.0% for gold and 80.8% for silver
       
  Metallurgical recoveries for low grade stockpiles are 95.2% for gold and 83.0% for silver    
Jacobina Price assumption: $1,250 gold   Price assumption: $1,250 gold
       
  Underground reserves are reported at variable cut-off grades by zone ranging from 0.99 g/t gold to 1.20 g/t gold   Underground cut-off grade of 1.00 g/t gold, which corresponds to 75% of the cut-off used to estimate the mineral reserves
       
  Metallurgical recovery is 96.5%   Underground mining shapes were subsequently excluded based on evaluation for eventual conversion to mineral reserves based on proximity to existing mined-out stopes and cut-off grade
       
      Minimum mining width of 1.5 metres, considering internal waste and dilution
Minera Florida Price assumptions: $1,250/oz gold, $18.00/oz silver and $1.25/lb zinc   Price assumptions: $1,250/oz gold, $18.00/oz silver and $1.25/lb zinc
       
  Underground cut-off for the Core Mine Zones $92.86/t and for Las Petaguas Zone $91.48/t   Underground mineral resources are estimated at a cut-off value of $92.86/t for the Core Mine Zone and $69.64/t for Las Pataguas Zone which is constrained to underground mining shapes
       
  Metallurgical recoveries range between 91.36% and 92.17% for gold, between 62.93% and 65.88% for silver and between 75.22% and 75.38% for zinc   Metallurgical recoveries are 92.17% for gold, 65.88% for silver and 75.22% for zinc
Yamana Gold Projects  
Arco Sul N/A   Price assumption: $1,250 gold
       
      Underground cut-off grade at 2.00g/t, which corresponds to 75% of the cut-off that would be used for mineral reserves
       
      Mineral resources reported within optimized underground mining shapes
Jeronimo (57%) Price Assumption:$900 gold    
  Cut-off grade at 2.0 g/t gold   Cut-off grade at 2.0 g/t gold
  Metallurgical recovery for gold is 86%.    
La Pepa N/A   Price Assumption: $780 gold
       
      Cut-off grade at 0.30 g/t gold

 

Lavra Velha N/A   Price assumptions: $1,300 gold and $3.50 copper
       
      Cut-off grade at 0.2 g/t gold and 0.1% copper
MARA Agua Rica (56.25%) Mineral Reserves are estimated using a variable metallurgical recovery   Mineral Resources are estimated using a variable metallurgical recovery
       
  Average metallurgical recoveries of 86% Cu, 35% Au, 43% Ag, and 44% Mo were considered   LOM average metallurgical recoveries of 86% Cu, 35% Au, 43% Ag, and 44% Mo were considered
       
  Open pit mineral reserves are reported at a variable cut-off value averaging $8.42/t, based on metal price assumptions of $3.00/lb Cu, $1,250/oz Au, $18/oz Ag, and $11/lb Mo. A LOM average open pit costs of $1.72/t moved, processing and G&A cost of $6.70/t of run of mine processed. The strip ratio of the mineral reserves is 1.7 with overall slope angles varying from 39° to 45° depending on the geotechnical sector   Mineral resources are constrained by an optimized pit shell based on metal price assumptions of $4.00/lb Cu, $1,600/oz Au, $24/oz Ag, and $11/lb Mo. Open pit Mineral Resources are reported at a variable cut-off value which averages $8.42/t milled with overall slope angles varying from 39° to 45° depending on the geotechnical sector
MARA Alumbrera (56.25%) N/A   Price assumptions: $1,300 gold, $2.83 copper
       
      Alumbrera deposit: Whittle pit shell cut-off at 0.22% copper equivalent
       
      Bajo El Durazno deposit: 0.2 g/t Au cut-off within pit shell
Monument Bay N/A   Price assumption: $1,200 gold
       
      Cut-off grades are 0.4 g/t gold and 0.7 g/t gold for the open pits and 4.0 g/t gold for underground
Suyai N/A   5.0 g/t gold cut-off inside mineralized wireframe modeling
Wasamac Price assumption: $1,300/oz gold   Price assumption: $1,500 gold. Exchange rate of US$0.80 = C$1.00
       
  Underground cut-off grade 1.0 g/t gold (stope optimized)   Underground cut-off grade at 1.0 g/t gold
       
  Average of 16.2% mine dilution and 86.4% mine recovery   Minimum mining width of four metres

2. All Mineral Reserves and Mineral Resources have been estimated in accordance with the standards of the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum and National Instrument 43-101, other than the estimates for the Alumbrera mine which have been estimated in accordance with the JORC Code which is accepted under NI 43-101.
                                   
3. All Mineral Resources are reported exclusive of Mineral Reserves.
                                   
4. Mineral Resources which are not Mineral Reserves do not have demonstrated economic viability.
                                   
5. Mineral Reserves and Mineral Resources are reported as of December 31, 2020.
                                   
6. For the qualified persons responsible for the Mineral Reserve and Mineral Resource estimates at the Company’s material properties, see the qualified persons list below.

Property Qualified Persons for Mineral Reserves   Qualified Persons for Mineral Resources
Canadian Malartic Guy Gagnon, Eng., Canadian Malartic Corporation   Pascal Lehouiller, P. Geo, Canadian Malartic Corporation
El Peñón Sergio Castro, Registered Member of the Chilean Mining Commission, Yamana Gold Inc.   Marco Velásquez Corrales, Registered Member Chilean Mining Commission, Yamana Gold Inc.
Jacobina Eduardo de Souza Soares, MAusIMM CP (Min), Yamana Gold Inc.   Dominic Chartier, P.Geo, Yamana Gold Inc. and Dr. Jean-François Ravenelle, P.Geo., Yamana Gold Inc.

 

The Company will host a conference call and webcast on Friday, February 12, 2021, at 10:00 a.m. ET (3 pm GMT).

Fourth Quarter 2020 Conference Call

Toll Free (North America): 
Toronto Local and International:
Toll Free (UK):
Passcode:
Webcast: 
1-800-806-5484
416-340-2217
00-80042228835
3993987#
www.yamana.com   
   
Conference Call Replay  
   
Toll Free (North America):
Toronto Local and International:
Toll Free (UK): 
Passcode: 
1-800-408-3053
905-694-9451
00-80033663052
3289901#

The conference call replay will be available from 12:00 p.m. ET on February 12, 2021, until 11:59 p.m. ET (4:59 pm GMT) on March 12, 2021.

Qualified Persons

Scientific and technical information contained in this news release has been reviewed and approved by Sébastien Bernier (P. Geo and Senior Director, Geology and Mineral Resources). Sébastien Bernier is an employee of Yamana Gold Inc. and a "Qualified Person" as defined by Canadian Securities Administrators' National Instrument 43-101 - Standards of Disclosure for Mineral Projects.

About Yamana

Yamana is a Canadian-based precious metals producer with significant gold and silver production, development stage properties, exploration properties, and land positions throughout the Americas, including Canada, Brazil, Chile and Argentina. Yamana plans to continue to build on this base through expansion and optimization initiatives at existing operating mines, development of new mines, the advancement of its exploration properties and, at times, by targeting other consolidation opportunities with a primary focus in the Americas.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, PLEASE CONTACT:
Investor Relations and Corporate Communications
416-815-0220
1-888-809-0925
Email: investor@yamana.com

FTI Consulting (UK Public Relations)
Sara Powell / Ben Brewerton
+44 7974 201 715 / +44 203 727 1000
Email: Yamana.gold@fticonsulting.com

Credit Suisse (Joint UK Corporate Broker)
Ben Lawrence / David Nangle
Telephone: +44 (0) 20 7888 8888

Joh. Berenberg Gossler & Co. KG (Joint UK Corporate Broker)
Matthew Armitt / Jennifer Wyllie / Detlir Elezi
Telephone: +44 (0) 20 3207 7800

Peel Hunt LLP (Joint UK Corporate Broker)
Ross Allister / David McKeown / Alexander Allen
Telephone: +44 (0) 20 7418 8900


END NOTES

(1) GEO assumes gold ounces plus the gold equivalent of silver ounces using a ratio of 76.82 and 88.86 for the three months and year ended December 31, 2020, respectively, and 85.54 and 86.02 for the three months and year ended December 31, 2019, respectively.

(2) A cautionary note regarding non-GAAP performance measures and their respective reconciliations, as well as additional line items or subtotals in financial statements is included in Section 12: Non-GAAP Performance Measures in the Company's MD&A for the year ended December 31, 2020 and in the 'Non-GAAP Performance Measures' section below.

(3) Included in the gold production figure for the year ended December 31, 2020 is 18,929 of pre-commercial production ounces (3,137 pre-commercial production ounces are included in the three months and year ended December 31, 2019), related to the Company's 50% interest in the Canadian Malartic mine's Barnat pit which achieved commercial production on September 30, 2020. Pre-commercial production ounces are excluded from sales figures, although pre-commercial production ounces that were sold during their respective period of production had their corresponding revenues and costs of sales capitalized to mineral properties, captured as expansionary capital expenditures.

 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS: This news release contains or incorporates by reference “forward-looking statements” and “forward-looking information” under applicable Canadian securities legislation and within the meaning of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking information includes, but is not limited to information with respect to the Company’s strategy, plans or future financial or operating performance, results of feasibility studies, repayment of debt or updates regarding mineral reserves and mineral resources. Forward-looking statements are characterized by words such as “plan", “expect”, “budget”, “target”, “project”, “intend”, “believe”, “anticipate”, “estimate” and other similar words, or statements that certain events or conditions “may” or “will” occur. Forward-looking statements are based on the opinions, assumptions and estimates of management considered reasonable at the date the statements are made, and are inherently subject to a variety of risks and uncertainties and other known and unknown factors that could cause actual events or results to differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements. These factors include the Company’s expectations in connection with the production and exploration, development and expansion plans at the Company's projects discussed herein being met, the impact of proposed optimizations at the Company's projects, changes in national and local government legislation, taxation, controls or regulations and/or change in the administration of laws, policies and practices, and the impact of general business and economic conditions, global liquidity and credit availability on the timing of cash flows and the values of assets and liabilities based on projected future conditions, fluctuating metal prices (such as gold, silver, copper and zinc), currency exchange rates (such as the Canadian Dollar, the Brazilian Real, the Chilean Peso and the Argentine Peso versus the United States Dollar), the impact of inflation, possible variations in ore grade or recovery rates, changes in the Company’s hedging program, changes in accounting policies, changes in mineral resources and mineral reserves, risks related to asset dispositions, risks related to metal purchase agreements, risks related to acquisitions, changes in project parameters as plans continue to be refined, changes in project development, construction, production and commissioning time frames, risks associated with infectious diseases, including COVID-19, unanticipated costs and expenses, higher prices for fuel, steel, power, labour and other consumables contributing to higher costs and general risks of the mining industry, failure of plant, equipment or processes to operate as anticipated, unexpected changes in mine life, final pricing for concentrate sales, unanticipated results of future studies, seasonality and unanticipated weather changes, costs and timing of the development of new deposits, success of exploration activities, permitting timelines, government regulation and the risk of government expropriation or nationalization of mining operations, risks related to relying on local advisors and consultants in foreign jurisdictions, environmental risks, unanticipated reclamation expenses, risks relating to joint venture operations, title disputes or claims, limitations on insurance coverage, timing and possible outcome of pending and outstanding litigation and labour disputes, risks related to enforcing legal rights in foreign jurisdictions, as well as those risk factors discussed or referred to herein and in the Company's Annual Information Form filed with the securities regulatory authorities in all provinces of Canada and available at www.sedar.com, and the Company’s Annual Report on Form 40-F filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Although the Company has attempted to identify important factors that could cause actual actions, events or results to differ materially from those described in forward-looking statements, there may be other factors that cause actions, events or results not to be anticipated, estimated or intended. There can be no assurance that forward-looking statements will prove to be accurate, as actual results and future events could differ materially from those anticipated in such statements. The Company undertakes no obligation to update forward-looking statements if circumstances or management’s estimates, assumptions or opinions should change, except as required by applicable law. The reader is cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. The forward-looking information contained herein is presented for the purpose of assisting investors in understanding the Company’s expected financial and operational performance and results as at and for the periods ended on the dates presented in the Company’s plans and objectives and may not be appropriate for other purposes.

CAUTIONARY NOTE TO UNITED STATES INVESTORS CONCERNING ESTIMATES OF MEASURED, INDICATED AND INFERRED MINERAL RESOURCES
This news release has been prepared in accordance with the requirements of the securities laws in effect in Canada, which differ in certain material respects from the disclosure requirements of United States securities laws contained in Industry Guide 7. The terms “mineral reserve”, “proven mineral reserve” and “probable mineral reserve” are Canadian mining terms as defined in accordance with Canadian National Instrument 43-101 Standards of Disclosure for Mineral Projects (“NI 43-101”) and the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum (the “CIM”) - CIM Definition Standards on Mineral Resources and Mineral Reserves, adopted by the CIM Council, as amended. These definitions differ from the definitions in the disclosure requirements promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) contained in Industry Guide 7.  Under Industry Guide 7 standards, a “final” or “bankable” feasibility study is required to report mineral reserves, the three-year historical average price is used in any mineral reserve or cash flow analysis to designate mineral reserves and the primary environmental analysis or report must be filed with the appropriate governmental authority.

In addition, the terms “mineral resource”, “measured mineral resource”, “indicated mineral resource” and “inferred mineral resource” are defined in and required to be disclosed by NI 43-101. However, these terms are not defined terms under Industry Guide 7. Investors are cautioned not to assume that any part or all of the mineral deposits in these categories will ever be converted into mineral reserves. “Inferred mineral resources” have a great amount of uncertainty as to their existence, and great uncertainty as to their economic and legal feasibility. It cannot be assumed that all or any part of an inferred mineral resource will ever be upgraded to a higher category. Under Canadian rules, estimates of inferred mineral resources may not form the basis of feasibility or pre-feasibility studies, except in rare cases. Investors are cautioned not to assume that all or any part of an inferred mineral resource exists or is economically or legally mineable. Disclosure of “contained ounces” in a mineral resource is permitted disclosure under Canadian regulations. In contrast, issuers reporting pursuant to Industry Guide 7 report mineralization that does not constitute “mineral reserves” by Commission standards as in place tonnage and grade without reference to unit measures.

Accordingly, information contained in this news release may not be comparable to similar information made public by U.S. companies reporting pursuant to Industry Guide 7.

NON-GAAP PERFORMANCE MEASURES

The Company has included certain non-GAAP performance measures to supplement its Consolidated Financial Statements, which are presented in accordance with IFRS, including the following:

  • Cash Costs per GEO sold;
  • All-in Sustaining Costs per GEO sold;
  • Net Debt;
  • Net Free Cash Flow and Free Cash Flow Before Dividends and Debt Repayment
  • Average Realized Price per ounce of gold/silver sold; and
  • Adjusted Earnings

The Company believes that these measures, together with measures determined in accordance with IFRS, provide investors with an improved ability to evaluate the underlying performance of the Company. Non-GAAP financial measures do not have any standardized meaning prescribed under IFRS, and therefore they may not be comparable to similar measures employed by other companies. The data is intended to provide additional information and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for measures of performance prepared in accordance with IFRS. Management's determination of the components of non-GAAP and additional measures are evaluated on a periodic basis influenced by new items and transactions, a review of investor uses and new regulations as applicable. Any changes to the measures are duly noted and retrospectively applied as applicable.

For definitions and descriptions of the non-GAAP measures, other than those noted and reconciled below and additional subtotals in financial statements, refer to Section 10: Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Additional Line Items or Subtotals in Financial Statements of the Company's MD&A for the year ended December 31, 2020.

GEO PRODUCTION AND SALES

Production and sales of silver are treated as a gold equivalent in determining a combined precious metal production or sales unit, commonly referred to as gold equivalent ounces ("GEO"). Specifically, guidance GEO produced are calculated by converting silver production to its gold equivalent using relative gold/silver metal prices at an assumed ratio and adding the converted silver production expressed in gold ounces to the ounces of gold production. Actual GEO production and sales calculations are based on an average realized gold to silver price ratio for the relevant period.

CASH COSTS AND ALL-IN SUSTAINING COSTS

The Company discloses “Cash Costs” because it understands that certain investors use this information to determine the Company’s ability to generate earnings and cash flows for use in investing and other activities. The Company believes that conventional measures of performance prepared in accordance with IFRS do not fully illustrate the ability of its operating mines to generate cash flows. The measures, as determined under IFRS, are not necessarily indicative of operating profit or cash flows from operating activities.

The measure of Cash Costs and All-in Sustaining Costs (AISC), along with revenue from sales, is considered to be a key indicator of a company’s ability to generate operating earnings and cash flows from its mining operations. This data is furnished to provide additional information and is a non-GAAP financial measure. The terms Cash Costs per GEO sold and AISC per GEO sold do not have any standardized meaning prescribed under IFRS, and therefore they may not be comparable to similar measures employed by other companies. Non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered in isolation as a substitute for measures of performance prepared in accordance with IFRS and are not necessarily indicative of operating costs, operating profit or cash flows presented under IFRS.

Cash Costs include mine site operating costs such as mining, processing, administration, production taxes and royalties which are not based on sales or taxable income calculations, but are exclusive of amortization, reclamation, capital, development and exploration costs. The Company believes that such measure provides useful information about its underlying Cash Costs of operations. Cash Costs are computed on a weighted average basis as follows:

  • Cash Costs per GEO sold - The total costs used as the numerator of the unitary calculation represent Cost of Sales excluding DDA, net of treatment and refining charges. These costs are then divided by GEO sold. Non-attributable costs will be allocated based on the relative value of revenues for each metal, which will be determined annually at the beginning of each year.

AISC figures are calculated in accordance with a standard developed by the World Gold Council (“WGC”) (a non-regulatory, market development organization for the gold industry). Adoption of the standard is voluntary and the cost measures presented herein may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies.

AISC per sold seeks to represent total sustaining expenditures of producing and selling GEO from current operations. The total costs used as the numerator of the unitary calculation represent Cash Costs (defined above) and includes cost components of mine sustaining capital expenditures including stripping and underground mine development, corporate and mine-site general and administrative expense, sustaining mine-site exploration and evaluation expensed and capitalized and accretion and amortization of reclamation and remediation. AISC do not include capital expenditures attributable to projects or mine expansions, exploration and evaluation costs attributable to growth projects, income tax payments, borrowing costs and dividend payments. Consequently, this measure is not representative of all of the Company's cash expenditures. In addition, the calculation of AISC does not include depletion, depreciation and amortization expense as it does not reflect the impact of expenditures incurred in prior periods.

  • AISC per GEO sold - reflect allocations of the aforementioned cost components on the basis that is consistent with the nature of each of the cost component to the GEO production and sales activities.

NET DEBT

The Company uses the financial measure "net debt ", which is a non-GAAP financial measure, to supplement information in its consolidated financial statements. The Company believes that in addition to conventional measures prepared in accordance with IFRS, the Company and certain investors and analysts use this information to evaluate the Company’s performance. The non-GAAP financial measure of net debt does not have any standardized meaning prescribed under IFRS, and therefore it may not be comparable to similar measures employed by other companies. The data is intended to provide additional information and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for measures of performance prepared in accordance with IFRS.

Net debt is calculated as the sum of the current and non-current portions of long-term debt net of the cash and cash equivalent balance as at the balance sheet date. Cash related to the MARA Project is added back to the net debt calculation on the basis that the cash is specific to the MARA Project, and not available to the Company for the purposes of debt reduction.

When the cash and cash equivalent balance exceeds the total debt, the Company is in a "net cash" position.

A reconciliation of Net Debt at December 31, 2020 and 2019 is provided in Section 12 of the Company's MD&A for the year ended December 31, 2020, which is available on the Company's website and on SEDAR.

NET FREE CASH FLOW AND FREE CASH FLOW BEFORE DIVIDENDS AND DEBT REPAYMENTS

The Company uses the financial measure "Net Free Cash Flow" and "Free Cash Flow Before Dividends and Debt Repayment", which are non-GAAP financial measures, to supplement information in its Consolidated Financial Statements. Net Free Cash Flow and Free Cash Flow do not have any standardized meaning prescribed under IFRS, and therefore may not be comparable to similar measures employed by other companies. The Company believes that in addition to conventional measures prepared in accordance with IFRS, the Company and certain investors and analysts use this information to evaluate the Company’s performance with respect to its operating cash flow capacity to meet non-discretionary outflows of cash or to meet dividends and debt repayments. The presentation of Net Free Cash Flow and Free Cash Flow are not meant to be substitutes for the cash flow information presented in accordance with IFRS, but rather should be evaluated in conjunction with such IFRS measures. Net Free Cash Flow is calculated as cash flows from operating activities adjusted for advance payments received pursuant to metal purchase agreements, non-discretionary expenditures from sustaining capital expenditures and interest paid related to the current period. Free Cash Flow further deducts remaining capital expenditures and payments for lease obligations. Reconciliations of Net Free Cash Flow and Free Cash Flow are provided below.

Reconciliation of Cash Flows from Operating Activities to non-GAAP Measures Three months ended December 31
(In millions of United States Dollars) 2020  2019 
Cash flows from operating activities $ 181.5     $ 201.7    
Adjustments to operating cash flows:    
Amortization of deferred revenue 3.8     4.2    
Temporary suspension and standby costs 2.2        
Other incremental COVID-19 costs 7.0        
Non-discretionary items related to the current period    
Sustaining capital expenditures (47.8 )   (46.6 )  
Interest paid (21.3 )   (22.8 )  
Payment of lease liabilities (4.2 )   (4.8 )  
Cash used in other financing activities (2.3 )   (8.5 )  
Net free cash flow $ 118.9     $ 123.2    
Discretionary and other items impacting cash flow available for dividends and debt repayments    
Expansionary and exploration capital expenditures $ (47.5 )   $ (39.2 )  
Cash flows used in other investing activities $ (10.0 )   $ (11.1 )  
Effect of foreign exchange of non-USD denominated cash $ 0.3     $ 0.4    
Free cash flow before dividends and debt repayments $ 61.7     $ 73.3    

AVERAGE REALIZED METAL PRICES

The Company uses the financial measures "average realized gold price", "average realized silver price" and "average realized copper price", which are non-GAAP financial measures, to supplement in its Consolidated Financial Statements. Average realized price does not have any standardized meaning prescribed under IFRS, and therefore may not be comparable to similar measures employed by other companies. The Company believes that in addition to conventional measures prepared in accordance with IFRS, the Company and certain investors and analysts use this information to evaluate the Company’s performance vis-à-vis average market prices of metals for the period. The presentation of average realized metal prices is not meant to be a substitute for the revenue information presented in accordance with IFRS, but rather should be evaluated in conjunction with such IFRS measure.

Average realized metal price represents the sale price of the underlying metal before deducting treatment and refining charges, and other quotational and pricing adjustments. Average realized prices are calculated as the revenue related to each of the metals sold, i.e. gold, silver and copper, divided by the quantity of the respective units of metals sold, i.e. gold ounce, silver ounce and copper pound. Reconciliations of average realized metal prices to revenue are provided in Section 12 of the Company's MD&A for the year ended December 31, 2020, which is available on the Company's website and on SEDAR.

ADJUSTED EARNINGS OR LOSS AND ADJUSTED EARNINGS OR LOSS PER SHARE

The Company uses the financial measures “Adjusted Earnings or Loss” and “Adjusted Earnings or Loss per share” to supplement information in its Consolidated Annual Financial Statements. The Company believes that in addition to conventional measures prepared in accordance with IFRS, the Company and certain investors and analysts use this information to evaluate the Company’s performance. The presentation of adjusted measures are not meant to be a substitute for Net Earnings or Loss or Net Earnings or Loss per share presented in accordance with IFRS, but rather should be evaluated in conjunction with such IFRS measures. Adjusted Earnings or Loss and Adjusted Earnings or Loss per share are calculated as net earnings excluding non-recurring items, items not related to or having a disproportionate effect on results for a particular periods and/or not directly related to the core mining business such as (a) share-based payments and other compensation, (b) unrealized foreign exchange (gains) losses related to revaluation of deferred income tax asset and liability on non-monetary items, (c) unrealized foreign exchange (gains) losses related to other items, (d) unrealized (gains) losses on derivatives, (e) impairment losses and reversals on mineral interests and other assets, (f) deferred income tax expense (recovery) on the translation of foreign currency inter-corporate debt, (g) mark-to-market (gains) losses on other assets, (h) one-time tax adjustments to historical deferred income tax balances relating to changes in enacted tax rates, (i) reorganization costs, (j) non-recurring provisions, (k) (gains) losses on sale of assets, (l) any other non-recurring adjustments and the tax impact of any of these adjustments calculated at the statutory effective rate for the same jurisdiction as the adjustment. Non-recurring adjustments from unusual events or circumstances are reviewed from time to time based on materiality and the nature of the event or circumstance. Earnings adjustments for the comparative period reflect both continuing and discontinued operations.
The terms “Adjusted Earnings or Loss” and “Adjusted Earnings or Loss per share” do not have a standardized meaning prescribed by IFRS, and therefore the Company’s definitions are unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. Management uses these measures for internal valuation of the core mining performance for the period and to assist with planning and forecasting of future operations. Management believes that the presentation of Adjusted Earnings or Loss and Adjusted Earnings or Loss per share provide useful information to investors because they exclude non-recurring items, items not related to or not indicative of current or future period's results and/or not directly related to the core mining business and are a better indication of the Company’s profitability from operations as evaluated by internal management and the board of directors. The items excluded from the computation of Adjusted Earnings or Loss and Adjusted Earnings or Loss per share, which are otherwise included in the determination of Net Earnings or Loss and Net Earnings or Loss per share prepared in accordance with IFRS, are items that the Company does not consider to be meaningful in evaluating the Company’s past financial performance or the future prospects and may hinder a comparison of its period-to-period profitability.

ADDITIONAL LINE ITEMS OR SUBTOTALS IN FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The Company uses the following additional line items and subtotals in the Consolidated Financial Statements as contemplated in IAS 1: Presentation of Financial Statements:

  • Gross margin excluding depletion, depreciation and amortization - represents the amount of revenue in excess of cost of sales excluding depletion, depreciation and amortization. This additional measure represents the cash contribution from the sales of metals before all other operating expenses and DDA, in the reporting period.
  • Mine operating earnings/loss - represents the amount of revenue in excess of cost of sales excluding depletion, depreciation and amortization, depletion, depreciation and amortization, temporary suspension, standby and other incremental COVID-19 costs, and net impairment write-downs/reversals.
  • Operating earnings/loss - represents the amount of earnings/loss before net finance costs, other income/costs and income tax expense/recovery. This measure represents the amount of financial contribution, net of all expenses directly attributable to mining operations and overheads. Finance costs and other income/costs are not classified as expenses directly attributable to mining operations.
  • Cash flows from operating activities before income taxes paid and net change in working capital - excludes the payments made during the period related to income taxes and tax related payments and the movement from period-to-period in working capital items including trade and other receivables, other assets, inventories, trade and other payables. Working capital and income taxes can be volatile due to numerous factors, such as the timing of payment and receipt. As the Company uses the indirect method prescribed by IFRS in preparing its statement of cash flows, this additional measure represents the cash flows generated by the mining business to complement the GAAP measure of cash flows from operating activities, which is adjusted for income taxes paid and tax related payments and the working capital change during the reporting period.
  • Cash flows from operating activities before net change in working capital - excludes the movement from period-to-period in working capital items including trade and other receivables, other assets, inventories, trade and other payables. Working capital can be volatile due to numerous factors, such as the timing of payment and receipt. As the Company uses the indirect method prescribed by IFRS in preparing its statement of cash flows, this additional measure represents the cash flows generated by the mining business to complement the GAAP measure of cash flows from operating activities, which is adjusted for the working capital change during the reporting period.

The Company’s management believes that this presentation provides useful information to investors because gross margin excluding depletion, depreciation and amortization excludes the non-cash operating cost item (i.e. depreciation, depletion and amortization), cash flows from operating activities before net change in working capital excludes the movement in working capital items, mine operating earnings excludes expenses not directly associated with commercial production and operating earnings excludes finance and tax related expenses and income/recoveries. These, in management’s view, provide useful information of the Company’s cash flows from operating activities and are considered to be meaningful in evaluating the Company’s past financial performance or the future prospects.

(All amounts are expressed in United States Dollars unless otherwise indicated.)


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Odyssey Project Production Profile (100% basis)

Odyssey Project Production Profile (100% basis)
Jacobina Gold Mineral Reserves (000's of ounces)

Jacobina Gold Mineral Reserves (000's of ounces)
Canadian Malartic Gold Mineral Reserves (50%) (000's of ounces)

Canadian Malartic Gold Mineral Reserves (50%) (000's of ounces)
El Peñón Gold Mineral Reserves (000's of ounces)

El Peñón Gold Mineral Reserves (000's of ounces)
El Peñón Silver Mineral Reserves (000's of ounces)

El Peñón Silver Mineral Reserves (000's of ounces)
Cerro Moro Gold Mineral Reserves (000's of ounces)

Cerro Moro Gold Mineral Reserves (000's of ounces)
Cerro Moro Silver Mineral Reserves (000's of ounces)

Cerro Moro Silver Mineral Reserves (000's of ounces)
Minera Florida Gold Mineral Reserves (000's of ounces)

Minera Florida Gold Mineral Reserves (000's of ounces)
Source: Yamana Gold

Disclaimer

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NON-GAAP INFORMATION

Yamana discloses certain non-GAAP measures including Cash costs per ounce of gold, Cash costs per ounce of silver, Co-product cash costs per ounce of gold, Co-product cash costs per ounce of silver, Co-product cash costs per pound of copper, All-in sustaining costs per ounce of gold, All-in sustaining costs per ounce of silver, All-in sustaining co-product costs per ounce of gold, and All-in sustaining co-product costs per ounce of silver to supplement its Consolidated Financial Statements, which are presented in accordance with IFRS. The term IFRS and generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) are used interchangeably. The Company believes that these measures, together with measures determined in accordance with IFRS, provide investors with an improved ability to evaluate the underlying performance of the Company. Non-GAAP measures do not have any standardized meaning prescribed under IFRS, and therefore they may not be comparable to similar measures employed by other companies. The data is intended to provide additional information and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for measures of performance prepared in accordance with IFRS.

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